If you want to find justification in the Bible for any sort of behavior, it's in there. It's just a matter of interpretation, from when the earth will end to what a supreme being had in mind for us to eat.
In Genesis 1:29, the Word, as Adam and Eve got it, was, "Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree bearing seed, to you it shall be for food." You can read that and conclude God wants us to be meatless.
Then you can read Genesis 9:3 in which God tells Noah, "Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you, even as the green herb have I given you all things," and conclude God's given us the okay for animal.
Or you can reckon, as I do, that Noah was a whiner. That he yammered and yammered and said, But I don't like seeds and herbs and we're stuck here in the rain on this stupid boat and I'm hungry. God just gave in and said, all right, already, eat what you like, let it be on your head.
I'm a little skeptical about Peter, who in Acts 10:9-15, hears a voice telling him nothing is forbidden him to eat. Some religious pros believe the voice to be God's, but we weren't there, who knows, maybe Peter was just crazed with hunger and suffering auditory hallucinations.
So we go back to Genesis 1:28, the bit where the Lord gave man dominion over all the animals.
Yes, but that doesn't say we should eat them, too. Dominion is not the same as domination. I prefer to think the interpretation here is, we are custodians of our fellow animals, and since we have this fairly well developed cerebral cortex that puts us in charge, it's our job to look after them. With compassion, not cruelty. And without making them dinner.
Those made nervous by a meatless diet like to cite Romans 14:1-23 - "The weak person eats only vegetables," and though I've read an interpretation saying, oh, the Bible doesn't really mean it, even I've got to say that sounds pretty definitive. But then the scripture reads, "Let not the one who eats despise the one who abstains, and let not the one who abstains pass judgment on the one who eats, for God has welcomed him." And there's Corinthians 8:1, which says, "Meat commendeth us not to God."
Look, I'm not a Bible scholar. I'm a Sunday school dropout and an agnostic. I think if there is a God, it's a big-hearted being, despite our quirks and our craziness, able to focus on the big picture, see what we're doing and basically shrug and say, Oy, what can you do.
God laid down a scant few rules -- ten of 'em. We have a hard enough time following these (some kind of design flaw). How many elected officials alone have skirted or shrugged off three of your basic commandments -- thou shalt not lie, thou shalt not steal, thou shalt not commit adultery?
So am I questioning God? No. I'm questioning us. Because while the message might be a little confusing, basically God says we can choose what we eat. The question becomes, what do we choose?
I choose compassion, towards animals of all kinds. Including -- though it's sometimes a struggle -- my own kind, the human kind. Which brings me to one of my Biblical faves, Proverbs 15:17 "Better is a dinner of herbs where love is than a fattened ox and hatred with it."
The way I interpret the Bible is the way I choose to live -- with a supersized portion of compassion, hold the meat, hold the side of hatred. And don't forget the wine -- it gets a big Biblical seal of approval, and who are we to argue with that?
Biblical Barley and Herb Salad
I was noodling over what sort of recipe to include for this and I figured it had to have some Biblical reference -- so I went with barley. Cheap, fortifying and loaded with fiber, it feeds 5,000 in the Book of John and is a hit in the Old Testament, too.
Most often, we consider it the stuff in a warming winter bowl of mushroom barley soup, but barley, an ancient whole grain, goes tabboulified and loaded with herbs (and love -- see Proverbs quote above) with this warm weather makeover. Nice as part of a Biblical meze (selection of tasty little plates -- Middle Eastern tapas, if you will) with a blob of hummus and flatbread or with roasted eggplant.
1 cup barley
2 cups water or vegetable broth
1 big bunch mint, chopped (about 3/4 cup, loosely packed)
1 big bunch cilantro, chopped (about 3/4 cup, loosely packed)
1 big bunch flat-leaf parsley, chopped (about 3/4 cup, loosely packed)
3 scallions, chopped
1 tomato diced
juice of 1 lemon (about 3 tablespoons lemon juice)
2 tablespoons olive oil
1 teaspoon cumin
1 pinch red pepper flakes
1/2 teaspoon honey or agave
1 handful kalamata olives
2 tablespoons tahini for drizzling
sea salt and fresh ground pepper to taste
Bring water or vegetable broth to boil in a large pot. Add barley, cover and simmer for 30 minutes or until grains are tender and all liquid is absorbed.
Set aside to cool (may be made a day ahead, then covered and refrigerated).
Fluff barley, so there are no clumps, then stir in all the chopped herbs, scallions, and tomatoes.
In a small bowl, whisk together lemon juice, olive oil, cumin, red pepper flakes, and honey or agave. Pour over barley and stir to blend.
Chill at least two hours or up to overnight. The dressing will have softened and moistened the barley.
Season to taste. The kalamatas add some saltiness of their own, so don't salt until serving.
Drizzle tahini over all and enjoy.
Serve cool or room temperature.
Serves 4 to 6.