The concept: take a portion of a neighborhood that has unrealized potential, recruit volunteers, business people and civic officials to transform it for a short time into a lively, inviting public space. If people enjoy it, maybe good things can happen to transform the place permanently.
That is what is happening in Oak Cliff, an older Dallas neighborhood southwest of the city's downtown, as the result of a two-day street fair held on a spring weekend earlier this year. As described in detail on the web site of a neighborhood group, the project’s leaders identified a location with “good pedestrian form” but lacking a complete street or public gathering space; assembled a team; worked with property owners to obtain permission to use vacant or underutilized buildings; constructed the project around art exhibits and people-friendly street design; and drew a huge crowd. See how the before and after photos illustrate the possibility for transformation:
I especially like the effect brought in by the street lights. The people who made it happen are "Better Block" founder Jason Roberts and the local nonprofit Go Oak Cliff, whose avowed mission is “to develop North Oak Cliff as the most livable community in the nation.” From the site:
“We pitched the event as a giant ‘art installation’, so the vacant spaces become de facto art galleries. Our property owners were excited to freely allow access because we were actively marketing their properties. Also, immediately following our original better block, these vacant spaces were leased . . .
“We installed a cafe with outdoor seating to highlight the ability to re-utilize the space given to cars. We also created a kids’ art studio so families could be involved, and a flower/gift market filled with local crafters’ goods. (You could also do a book drive collection, and create your own small bookstore as well with what is collected. You don’t have to get overly elaborate with your product offerings.) For the cafe, we only offered coffee out of pump urns that we brewed onsite…a local pastry shop came by and freely gave us scones, muffins, and more to help. We put as many local products as we could in each of the shops.”
They also created a bike lane, recruited musicians to perform on the street, and provided seating, among other amenities. Here's the location in relation to the rest of Dallas and the project's immediate surroundings:
The whole thing was carried off with great creativity and energy, within an amazingly small $1000 budget. The result, according to a story on the blog Cooltown Studios, is that city officials now are interested in making the changes permanent. (See an interesting followup story here.)
Jason Roberts told Dallas Observer blogger Robert Wilonsky:
"Part of the problem in this city [is] zoning restrictions placed on people who want to create, say, outdoor cafe seating or put up awnings or develop a retail presence. It's set to light industrial only, and there are restrictions on parking -- you can't open a business without so many parking spaces. We wanted to throw all those things into one single project and see what we could develop if we took away some of these kinds of restrictions that deter the creation of a true neighborhood. It's done as an art installation, but we'll have these businesses that wouldn't be technically allowed . . .
"When the streetcar went away in '56 ... Tyler and Polk became one-way streets, so you lost 50 percent of the visibility and made it an unsafe high-speed corridor. These blocks were built for people, but the environment around them became inhospitable. And we want to change that."
Perhaps they are. In fact, they are reportedly poised to do it again, in another part of Oak Cliff a few blocks away.
Great stuff, and there’s much more information in the links. Watch how it happened in the video (I know it starts with "part 2," but part 1 is conceptual and less interesting):
Move your cursor over the images for credit information.
Kaid Benfield writes occasional Village Green commentary on Huffington Post and (almost) daily about community, development, and the environment on NRDC's Switchboard. For daily posts, see his Switchboard blog's home page.