Milestones in capital punishment in Texas:
1819 – George Brown is first person executed in Texas, by hanging.
1863 – Chipita Rodriguez is first woman executed in Texas, by hanging.
1923 – Lee Nathan becomes the last of 394 people executed by hanging.
1924 – Charles Reynolds becomes first inmate to die in the electric chair in Huntsville as state takes over executions.
1963 – Joseph Johnson is the last of 361 Texas prisoners to die in the electric chair.
1972 – U.S. Supreme Court finds death penalty "cruel and unusual;" death sentences of 52 people in Texas are commuted to life in prison.
1976 – U.S. Supreme Court holds Georgia death penalty statute constitutional, setting stage for resumption of executions.
1977 – Texas adopts lethal injection method.
1982 – Texas inmate Charlie Brooks becomes first in U.S. to receive lethal injection.
1998 – Karla Tucker becomes first woman executed in Texas since Civil War.
2000 – Texas executes a record 40 prisoners in one year.
2013 – Texas executes Kimberly McCarthy, number 500 by lethal injection.
Sources: Texas Department of Criminal Justice, "Espy File" database compiled by historians M. Watt Espy and John Ortiz Smykla.