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Jeremy Harris Lipschultz
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Jeremy Harris Lipschultz, Ph.D. is Isaacson Professor in the award-winning UNO School of Communication and Reviews Editor for Journalism & Mass Communication Educator. He is a Great Plains Fellow and Center for Collaboration Science Senior Fellow. Dr. Lipschultz has published a half-dozen books, including Broadcast and Internet Indecency: Defining Free Speech (2008) and Free Expression in the Age of the Internet (2000). He has been interviewed by the Los Angeles Times, the Chicago Tribune, NPR and international media. Lipschultz is publishing Social Media Communication: Concepts, Practices, Data, Law and Ethics (2015).

Entries by Jeremy Harris Lipschultz

Online Communities and Social Media Literacy

(0) Comments | Posted April 15, 2014 | 11:02 AM

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Popular social networks have overwhelmed many of the early online communities, but one of the first thinkers and writers remains "hopeful." My social media students asked Howard Rheingold about the state of current online communities.

Rheingold was asked about the Well and the Whole Earth Catalog from the 1990s, and where to find the counter-cultural spirit today. "I think it goes to the heart of a critical uncertainty, a challenge for you and your generation about the future of the web," Rheingold said.

By participating and using whatever social media come along, Rheingold contends, online creation is a political and economic force beyond the large sites:

Now we've got Google and Amazon and Facebook who are really trying to make their private domains on the web. And those are useful. I use all of them, but I think it's important for people to use WordPress, use Tumblr, use Twitter... to create and connect on your own, so that we have a healthy ratio of people who are creators, as well as consumers of culture.

"I don't think it would be healthy for us as individuals, in terms of the richness of our lives, nor would it be helpful for democracy or for the cost of online services, if we give up this kind of user created web," Rheingold said.

Think about Ralph Waldo Emerson's idea of self-reliance as "an American trait for a long time," Rheingold said via Skype video from his Mill Valley garden. "Let's do it ourselves -- find the tools and teach each other and do it."

What remains uncertain, however, is whether or not ordinary people are willing to take the time and effort to go beyond traditional media consumption and embrace the effort it takes to be creative.

At the intersection of technology and learning, Rheingold has participated in online educational communities, but he notes, for example, that there also is "a lot of nasty stuff going on" in some Twitter communities. "It's a reflection of human life," he says. "There are creative people, and community-minded people, and nasty people in the real world, and Twitter enables them to connect with each other, magnify with each other."

I think that the technology has raced ahead of the literacy about how to use it. And the educational institutions have lagged behind in teaching people how to use it. So, it's really up to ...those of you who appreciate how to use Twitter and get into to it, help your friends understand how that works... how you can build personal learning networks, how you can give material out to others freely and they will reciprocate. And everything you put out will come back to you ten times.

It would be a shame, Rheingold says, if user Twitter tools, such as hashtags and re-tweets were replaced in a company effort to grow.

Social media literacy begins in the schools with clear ideas about how to use technology to achieve specific educational purposes. "The web is all about peer learning and peer discussion," Rheingold says.

He prefers the use of a forum instead a Facebook group in which the most recent posts are at the top, but Facebook groups are also useful "to have classroom discussions that carry on a culture of conversation ...after class, between classes for the students to form and maintain a community and pursue questions together."

If the goal is for young people to make good choices; Rheingold thinks this is not taught by taking away social media in the schools through online filtering.

It is not a simple issue for educators of whether or not to block a tool. Instead, online communities require structured and purposeful collaboration. Rheingold is interested in experiments that create inner and outer discussion circles on Twitter organized by an online moderator.

The early web featured interest groups. While these still exist, the larger web is dominated by more general social networking.

"I'm hoping that discourse will kind of reawaken the people's appetite for those kind of group-forming conversations in that good forums enable many people to have many conversations over a length of time," Rheingold said.

Those conversations may lead to relationships and caring communities that jump from online to face-to-face interaction. "Every conversational group does not need to become that kind of tight-knit community where people care about each other, but I think it's important that that continue to exist," Rheingold added, such as with cancer patient online communities.

"Facebook has kind of degraded that art of forum conversation because Facebook conversation groups don't really index the conversation threads well," he said.

Social media can be positive or negative, and Rheingold urges students to focus on context, whether it be interpersonal or political. "We're really at a time when people are trying to figure out how to make these tools work to their benefit; the answer to that question, I think, has not really come out yet."

Younger people will establish emerging social media norms. Let's hope these develop through informed discussion and development of social media...

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Social Media and the First Amendment

(0) Comments | Posted March 17, 2014 | 7:19 PM

Fifty years after the U.S. Supreme Court defined broad constitutional free speech rights, we exercise freedom every day by using social networks. Nevertheless, this use of liberty also remains at issue in schools, the workplace and beyond.

University of Oregon Jonathan Marshall First Amendment Professor Kyu Ho Youm,...

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Gifts, Social Media and Online Privacy

(0) Comments | Posted February 25, 2014 | 12:22 PM

Raise your hand if you have ever purchased the wrong gift. The $60 billion annually spent in the United States on unwanted presents is a frustrating problem that can be solved, Fligoo CEO and startup co-founder Lucas Olmedo says. "We created an algorithm capable of ...interpreting peoples' behavior...

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Consumer Review Credibility, Brand Marketing and Social Media

(0) Comments | Posted January 23, 2014 | 2:07 PM

Amazon and other sites have shown that shoppers consider product reviews an accurate way to gauge consumer experiences, and a site known for independent and trusted reviews reached out this week to marketers.

In an age of social media, brands cannot ignore the voice of the people. The challenge, however,...

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Radio Innovator Sees Desire For 'Mass Appeal Intelligent, Cinematic' TV News

(0) Comments | Posted January 9, 2014 | 9:38 AM

There is no dispute that "a lot of news has really gotten dumbed-down over the years," but Lee Abrams, co-founder and chief content officer of Chicago start-up TouchVision, thinks he has found the formula to attract younger viewers.

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By creating "completely...

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Mobile Radio News in a Social Media World

(0) Comments | Posted December 18, 2013 | 1:58 PM

All news radio has survived and prospered for decades in large media markets. In an age of mobile smart phones and social media, radio is again changing to meet new habits.

Rivet Radio News, a Chicago start-up, launched this month with an iPhone app, and its developers are coming after...

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PR Twitter Classroom, Social Media and Academic Freedom

(0) Comments | Posted December 5, 2013 | 8:05 AM

Public relations students from across the country organized and participated this week in a live chat on Twitter that included faculty and PR professionals. While most of the conversation featured best practices of PR writing, as evidenced by this #PRSSA Storify, the expansion of the classroom...

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Let's Debate Social Media Communication Ethics

(0) Comments | Posted November 18, 2013 | 9:03 AM

Social media communication tools and practices are beginning to mature, so it makes sense to discuss and debate values that underlie behavior.

Journalists, PR and advertising managers, and marketers must confront changing norms. Professor Stephen J. A. Ward at the Turnbull Center in Portland has made the case...

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Video, Newspapers and Social Media

(1) Comments | Posted November 7, 2013 | 11:58 AM

U.S. newspapers see an online business model that includes more video and active social media engagement.

As a 2012 Thought Catalog piece proclaimed, "Video may have killed the radio star, but..." Donna Peterson went on, "...the Internet killed, well, pretty much everything else." Before I completely buy into...

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Real-Time Social Media Creative Marketing and PR

(0) Comments | Posted October 16, 2013 | 10:57 AM

Real-time social media are transforming marketing and public relations. I recently visited two firms in Chicago that are responding to the need for speed within the flow of online conversation.

GolinHarris created the Bridge, which the firm describes as "a holistic engagement network... to give your business a...

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Social Media Sponsored Content Disclosure and SEO

(0) Comments | Posted October 7, 2013 | 12:55 PM

Sponsored social media content sometimes looks like journalism while failing to disclose interests. In an era of search engine optimization (SEO) designed to drive website traffic, social media magnify a complex set of legal and ethical issues.

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Loyola...

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Quieter Specialized Social Media Influence and Trust

(2) Comments | Posted September 19, 2013 | 3:19 PM

Thought leaders should pay less attention to rapidly rising apps, such as Vine, and more to the maturing world of online influence and trust.

Signs point to the growing importance of interest groups in social network sites that cater to very specific and immediate needs. For example, a colleague pointed...

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Social Media Trust, Credibility and Reputation Management

(8) Comments | Posted September 4, 2013 | 12:46 PM

Marketing specialist Christopher Penn recently worried that too many are, like the ancient warfare tactic, "poisoning the wells" of social media through use of poor tactics and bad mouthing.

Look at how many people are publishing articles, blog posts, editorial, and other commentary about how social media is...
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Live Tweets, Journalism, Middle East Culture and NPR Branding

(3) Comments | Posted August 20, 2013 | 8:23 AM

As the story in Egypt continues to unfold, mature questions need to be asked about the role of Twitter in news reporting.

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Last week, NPR Senior Strategist Andy Carvin's tweet - one of more than 170,000 - caught my attention:

Andy Carvin ‏@acarvin16:...
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Our 'Unbalanced' First Amendment Promotes Freedom

(3) Comments | Posted August 12, 2013 | 11:11 AM

Those favoring freedom of speech and behavior should bristle in response to a recent "critique" of U.S. law by a British Lord.

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Lord Anthony Lester told professors gathered in Washington, D.C. at the Association for Education in Journalism and...

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Newspaper 'Fire Sales' and the Future of Media Education

(0) Comments | Posted August 6, 2013 | 2:33 PM

Journalism and mass communication educators are meeting this week in Washington, D.C., and the recent sales of the Boston Globe and Washington Post newspapers are fresh conversation.

The Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) has been meeting for more than 100 years,...

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Universities, Sports, Media and Progress

(1) Comments | Posted July 14, 2013 | 8:09 PM

President Obama this week welcomed members of the 1963 Loyola Ramblers basketball team to the White House.

The 29-2 Chicago team had more than a national championship 50 years ago with an overtime win over Cincinnati. Loyola started four black players that year and defeated Mississippi State...

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Social Media Tools Weaken Email Privacy

(2) Comments | Posted June 27, 2013 | 4:10 PM

"Stellar Wind," a National Security Agency (NSA) secret program, collected more than two years of email and Internet data, the Guardian is reporting in its latest revelation about Obama Administration "secret surveillance."

A year before Edward Snowden disclosed the NSA metadata collection program, we knew employers have...

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The "Age of Surveillance", Privacy, Journalism and Lost Freedom

(5) Comments | Posted June 6, 2013 | 11:24 AM

"Privacy is dead," the technology experts proclaimed last summer, as I wrote in The Huffington Post.

At the same time, journalism law professors were clinging to the fuzzy right to privacy, or "the right to be left alone," as it was imagined more than a century ago...

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School Rules and a Twitter "Social Media Riot" or Student Free Speech?

(3) Comments | Posted May 29, 2013 | 5:16 PM

A graduating high school senior finished a 3-day suspension on Wednesday for creating a Twitter hashtag about a budget controversy, but the upstate New York case continues to play out in social media.

Pat Brown said he was called into the Cicero-North Syracuse High School office last week...

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