I have been privileged to visit two "Untouchable" villages while here on pilgrimage in India -- the first about four miles outside Bodh Gaya in Bihar province, and the other about four hours south of here, in the village of Dumri in Jharkhand province. Both experiences were essential to my pilgrimage, as I have come to understand on this trip that I cannot help myself -- nor be myself -- without helping others.
Harijan, or "Untouchables," consist of numerous castes from all over South Asia -- similar in my mind to the Roma (gypsies) of Europe. Formerly known by the pejorative name "Dalits," I understand there are 166 million of them here in India -- about the population of America's East Coast.
While discrimination based on the caste system -- not the caste system itself -- was abolished under the Indian constitution of 1947, I observe that there is still enormous prejudice and discrimination against Harijan at least in the two states I have visited.
My Indian friends tell me that, since India's independence, significant steps have been taken to provide the Harijan with opportunities in jobs and education. It seems as if many social organizations are promoting improved conditions for them, including better education, health and employment.
Both a rural development charity based here in Bihar State (site) and the mayor of Dumri Village in Jharkhand State south of here have now asked me to see what I can do through my foundation to support educational opportunities for the youth of these two villages.
Interestingly, the pejorative term "Dalit" comes from the Sanskrit, and means "suppressed," "crushed", or "broken to pieces." Mahatma Gandhi coined the word Harijan, which translates roughly as "Children of God," to identify the former Untouchables with greater dignity.
In the context of traditional Hindu society, Harijan have often been associated with occupations regarded as ritually "impure," such as any involving leatherwork, butchering, or removal of rubbish, animal carcasses, and human waste.
I experienced almost identical social conditions in Japan known as Burakumin -- also officially. In both cultures, engaging in these activities was traditionally considered to be polluting to the individual, and this pollution was considered contagious.
As a result, I understand, Harijan were commonly segregated and banned from full participation in Hindu social life, as "coloreds" were between our own Civil War and the 1960s in places like Mississippi. Harijan could not enter a Hindu temple or school, and were required to stay outside the main village.
Discrimination against Harijan still exists in rural areas in everyday matters such as access to eating places, schools, temples, and water sources. The two "Untouchable" villages I have walked through are both on the periphery of traditional villages. Each is far poorer and downtrodden then their neighboring Indian villages, although the one in Bihar State (all photos) was far cleaner than the one in Jharkhand State where bootleg alcohol consumption seemed more rampant.
Ironically, this village is located close to where Prince Siddhartha went on to become Buddha and discover The Middle Way. After he had renounced his throne, he wandered this same countryside as an ascetic before becoming enlightened. He underwent prolonged fasting and almost starved himself to death before finally accepting milk porridge from a village girl named Sujata. Just down the road.
King was introduced by the principal there as "A fellow untouchable from the United States of America." He wrote later that he had been a bit shocked and annoyed to be referred to as such. Yet, as he contemplated the reality of Blacks in America at that time, he concluded, "Yes, I am an Untouchable, and every Negro in the United States of America is an Untouchable."
If you would like to support our possible new initiatives in India, write firstname.lastname@example.org. Namaste.
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