Pablo Picasso once told art historian Roland Penrose that Cubism was "full of deception" so that it would keep people looking and guessing and looking again. Apparently his tricks worked -- Cubism is more than 100 years old and we are still confounded -- but at the Santa Barbara Museum of Art recent technology is enabling museum-goers look at Cubist works with astonishing acuity.
"Picasso and Braque: The Cubist Experiment, 1910-12," an intimate exhibition of some 15 paintings and 25 prints, is making rare Analytical Cubist paintings available for both physical and virtual inspection. Visitors to the show can borrow one of forty iPads equipped with a specially developed iCubist application to scrutinize and delve deeply into four key paintings. Inside the app are digitized spectral images that show the works at different light frequencies, including ultraviolet and infrared, to reveal minute details. The app also allows users to take apart and reassemble Cubist compositions, and provides pop ups to help distinguish the individual styles of each artist.
Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who collaborated to move Cubism forward in its early days, saw themselves as having a kinship with scientists and inventors. In homage to the Wright brothers they used to jokingly call each other "Orville and Wilbur." The Santa Barbara show features works made by the pair between 1910 and 1912, a precious period of innovation and cooperation that was halted by World War I. In the 1920s, when Picasso found that he missed working with Braque, whose artistic career had been slowed by wartime head wounds, he wistfully referred to Braque as his "ex-wife."
One of the works in the Santa Barbara show, Picasso's "Man with a Pipe" of 1911 is an Analytical Cubist riff on the image of a man in a smoky cafe, but as the iCubist app will reveal, it started out as a still life. There are hints of a moustache, hands, clay pipe and a few letters thrown into the jumble, all of them floating on the jagged jigsaw puzzle forms that give the painting its visual rhythm and inscrutability. Are there still bottles and cups lurking beneath the faceted coat of Picasso's Cubist gentleman? You'll have to look it over in person, and on iCubist, and decide for yourself.
Pablo Picasso, Spanish (1881-1973)
Man with a Pipe, 1911, Oil on canvas
35-3/4 x 27-7/8 in. (oval) (90.7 x 71.0 cm)
Collection of the Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth Texas
© 2011 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
SBMA's Chief Curator Eik Kahng comments that "The spectral images we will show of Picasso and Braque's paintings allow you see the trace of the very hairs of the brush in the paint layer. They can be truly mesmerizing." Kahng feels strongly that Ken Boydston, who developed the "MegaVision" technology used in capturing the digital images is "nothing short of a visionary." In essence "The Cubist Experiment" is a show about artistic visionaries, whose work can be better understood using the tools created by the digital visionaries of our own time.
September 17, 2011 - January 8, 2012
The Santa Barbara Museum of Art
Picasso and Braque: The Cubist Experiment, 1910-1912, Exhibition entrance.
Visitors may borrow an i-Pad so that they can tour the exhibition using the icubist app, developed specifically for this exhibition by the SBMA, The Kimball, and MegaVision, a digital imaging company based in Goleta, CA, to capture spectral images of select pieces in the exhibition.
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of a Woman, 1910, oil on canvas. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. © 2011 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
Georges Braque, Girl with a Cross, 1911, oil on canvas. Kimbell Art Museum. Photo © MegaVision. © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris.
Pablo Picasso, Man with a Pipe, 1911, oil on canvas. Kimbell Art Museum. Photo © MegaVision. © 2011 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
Georges Braque, Bottles and Glasses, 1912, oil on canvas. Private collection, Santa Barbara. Photo © MegaVision. © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris.
Pablo Picasso, Femme nue (Female Nude), 1910, oil on canvas. The Menil Collection, Houston. Photo by Hester + Hardaway Photographers, Fayetteville, Texas. © 2011 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
Georges Braque, Glass on a Table, 1909–10, oil on canvas. Tate, London. © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris.
Installation shot of Braque & Picasso side by side. Background inspired by 19th century vintage fabrics taken from old studio photographs. left) Georges Braque, Job, 1911, etching with drypoint. The Melamed Family Collection. © 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris. (right) Pablo Picasso, Still Life with Bottle of Marc, 1911–12, drypoint. The Melamed Family Collection. © 2011 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
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