by guest blogger Jeroen Koeman, of EcoTulips
I grew up in Holland on a tulip farm. My father and six of his brothers are tulip farmers. They are from a generation of farmers who were taught (by universities and chemical companies) to farm with chemicals. I can imagine that my father's generation felt blessed, at the time, by the "solutions" chemical companies introduced to them. Weed killers, fungicides, and insecticides made farming a lot easier.
Until three years ago, I also thought that growing with chemicals was "normal" and that it was the only way to farm. I can say now that I was quite brainwashed and did not realize the dangers of pesticides. Luckily, three years ago, I met a few people who helped me discover a new way of thinking. The first person was my wife, Keriann, who taught me about green living.Then, in April 2009, I met Wilbrord Braakman, who has been an organic flower bulb farmer since 1991. I remember that as I drove to his tulip field in Holland, I was quite skeptical -- I did not expect to see quality tulips. Boy, was I wrong. I was blown away by the beautiful tulips he was growing. There were no weeds and no fungus, and his tulip fields were amazingly healthy! From that moment on, I knew: THE FLOWER BULB INDUSTRY NEEDS CHANGE!
America imports about 800 million flower bulbs from Holland every year; and before now, none of them were organic. That is why Keriann and I started EcoTulips. We are the only source for organic flower bulbs in the country, and we import the bulbs from small USDA-certified organic growers in Holland. My goal is to bring positive change to the bulb industry.
Why aren't there more organic flower farmers? I know that most farmers are nature lovers and they are all potential organic farmers; they are happy seeing zooming bees and hearing whistling birds during their many hours working in their fields. So, you might ask yourself: Why do they use these chemicals, which are damaging to our ecosystem? There are several reasons. The main reason is the lack of demand for organic bulbs. Without a strong consumer demand, it is financially difficult for small to midsize farmers to survive or make the transition to organic. Another reason is that farmers are led to believe, by chemical companies, that the chemicals they put on their fields aren't harmful.
Why choose organic when it is not food? I'll tell you...
We have to think of our fields, whether they grow food or flowers, as part of a larger system--a system that includes friendly pollinators like bees, wasps, flies, butterflies, hummingbirds, moths, some beetles, and other beneficial creatures. And when we use chemicals on our fields, we interfere with these creatures and their ability to do the work they were meant to do. We are seeing the effects of chemical farming on bees around the world as hive collapse spreads. I know there are many reasons for hive collapse, but chemical exposure is most definitely one of them. Choosing chemically raised plants, even when they're not food, only helps support a system of toxic farming that has negative impacts on our entire ecosystem.
I'm not writing this piece as an advertisement for my business. Rather, I truly believe that education is the only way things will change, and I hope that the more people demand organic, even when it's not food, the more likely it is that the rest of the bulb and flower industry will change. And the fewer chemicals we put on our fields, the happier and healthier we all will be.
"We do not inherit the earth from our forefathers, we borrow it from our children."--Native American proverb
Special note from the editor:
Another reason to choose organic when it's not food is to consider that when you plant bulbs around your yard, you're putting pesticide residues into your personal green space. One study of pesticide use on bulbs found that most are treated with about 13 different ingredients, most of them fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides. And before bulbs get shipped to the U.S., they are "fogged" with pirimiphos-methyl, an organophosphate pesticide, to kill the wheat curl mite. The EPA says this pesticide is highly toxic to birds and fish, and recommends that people who fog tulips with it should wear chemical-resistant gloves. (Organic bulb farmers kill wheat curl mites by putting the bulbs in a room they suck the oxygen out of. They call it Ultra Low Oxygen treatment.) Since pesticide residue data isn't required (and isn't usually studied) for crops that aren't meant for human consumption, it's hard to say just how much chemical residue there is on conventional flower bulbs. But you can be sure that it's there. And that means you are bringing those chemicals into your home and into your garden. If you are using conventional bulbs, please take these few precautions:
1) Always wear gloves when handling the bulbs (and make sure that little helpers who can't seem to keep their hands out of their mouths also wear gloves).
2) Wash your tools before using them in your vegetable garden.
3) Plant conventional bulbs far away from edible plants and herbs.
For more from Maria Rodale, go to www.mariasfarmcountrykitchen.com