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Mark Chesnut

Entries by Mark Chesnut

Venezuela Vacation, Part 2: Surviving Caracas After a Coup Attempt

(0) Comments | Posted February 21, 2015 | 3:04 PM

Caracas was nearly deserted during a coup attempt back in 1992. Photo:

It's been more than 20 years since Hugo Chávez led his first coup attempts in Venezuela. But for travelers, the potential hassles and dangers of travel to Venezuela are...

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Accidental Traveler: My Vacation During a Coup Attempt in Venezuela

(3) Comments | Posted February 17, 2015 | 3:14 PM

A statue of Simón Bolivar, Venezuela's liberator. Photo:

Like life itself, vacations don't always turn out how we plan. One of the most unpredictable experiences I ever had was in the 1990s, when my boyfriend and I took a trip to...

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How to Measure the Value of Media Coverage

(0) Comments | Posted December 31, 2014 | 9:24 AM

The world of travel writers, journalists and travel bloggers is ever-changing. So how do public relations & media relations experts in the travel industry deal with them?

Speaking at the 15th Conference on LGBT Tourism and Hospitality at the Bellagio hotel in Las Vegas, I addressed this issue. The video here -- and the text below -- is the fourth and final installment of my presentation, specifically about how to measure the value of press coverage -- and how travel organizations can add value by capitalizing on the coverage they receive and do a few things themselves.

So what's it all worth? How do you measure the value of editorial coverage you get in a magazine, newspaper, website or blog?

Buying an ad is easier to figure out. You pay a set amount and you get an ad, and you can measure the response from there.

When it comes to media coverage, the process of measuring the return on investment can be a bit murkier. But that, of course, is not a reason to ignore the opportunities that media coverage presents.

The Value of Traditional Media Coverage
In traditional media, many people use something called Advertising Value Equivalency (AVE). That means that you can measure the amount of space dedicated to your organization or destination in the publication or on the Website, and then compare that to how much you'd pay for an advertisement of the same size.

But a lot of people say this doesn't quite make sense. Advertising and public relations are two very different things. People respond very differently to advertising compared to editorial coverage. So you can feel free to check out ad rate cards and use that as a point of reference, but don't expect it to be a foolproof measurement.

The Value of Coverage in Social Media and Blogs
Using AVE is even more difficult with blog posts and social media.

Instead you'll want to monitor traffic to your own website. Google Analytics can help you do this.

You can also use tools like GroupHigh, which has created blogger intelligence software that helps you identify influential blogs, automate research and measure engagement. You can use their tracking feature to see how many times a specific blog post has been liked, shared and tweeted.

Regardless of whether it's a blog or the website of a more traditional media outlet, you can add value yourself, by sharing, liking and tweeting the coverage you get. This is a very important thing that I find a lot of travel and tourism folks forget about. You've invited us as writers, we've created the content, you wait for the coverage to come out, but then you don't do anything with it yourself.

Sharing a journalist's content about your product, destination or service brings added value to your own social media strategy, by infusing it with more credibility since it's coming from a third party. You can even ask for permission to include the writer's coverage on your own website, complete with a link back to their site. This helps everyone -- and it essentially gives you fresh, noteworthy new content to promote yourself with.

So what are you waiting for? Share those articles! Tweet and retweet! "Like" those posts and photos! It's in your own best interest.

Custom Content and Sponsored Posts
Another option to consider when it comes to coverage is sponsored posts, which are also called custom content or native advertising. You might also call it an advertorial.

In addition to my journalistic travel writing, I've also been writing and managing custom content for travel industry clients since 1994. That's way before people were using the Internet, of course, so at first I was only writing and putting together special supplements and advertorial articles that ran in publications like Travel Weekly, TravelAge West and Meetings & Conventions.

I still do that and I still work with those media outlets (among others), but I also increasingly put together web-only sponsored content and posts. I even write and moderate webinars that help to promote specific travel industry clients. This content runs on the websites of traditional trade media, and it also runs on the travel site I manage,

You can weigh a variety of options when it comes to custom content -- and the world of blogs has made it increasingly easy to find cost-effective ways to reach highly targeted audiences. Some custom content is pure promotion, and it focuses solely on the advertiser's product or service. Other content prominently features the advertiser, as part of a more general story -- which can often attract more attention, since it's more likely to appeal to the public. Whichever you choose, you should work closely with your media partner to create the content that best serves your needs.

Quality versus Quantity
Editorial and blog coverage isn't just about hard numbers. It's an ever-changing formula of weighing quality and quantity, targeting the right audience and working successfully with writers and editors.

Here's what Karla Visconti, director of corporate communications for the Caribbean and Latin America at Hilton Worldwide, says:

"We recognize the inherent value that blogs and social media represent today. We look at the quality of content, combined with the overall social media following and engagement. Social media is very important and has to be part of the strategy. I don't think you can choose based on one area alone; I prefer a combination of quality and quantity."

Veronica Villegas, senior account executive and International Director at Cheryl Andrews Marketing Communications in Coral Gables, Florida, uses a variety of tools to measure effectiveness:

"There are some measuring tools that are available to PR folks such as and Klout. You also have to do your research on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn. It's not just about the number of followers one has, but the level of engagement/interaction one is able to generate. In order to quantify this, we look at the number of shares or comments that a particular article/post garners, not just the amount of likes or views/followers the page has."

So we're back again to the idea of quality versus quantity. As Veronica says it:

"You can have millions of followers and no engagement. That is not valuable. It's valuable when you can start a conversation and generate interest. Having a following is also important, but the quality is certainly more...

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How to Deal with Travel Writers, Part 3: How to Plan the Perfect Press Trip

(1) Comments | Posted December 20, 2014 | 5:24 PM

The world of travel writers, journalists and travel bloggers is ever-changing. So how do public relations & media relations experts in the travel industry deal with them?

Speaking at the 15th Conference on LGBT Tourism and Hospitality at the Bellagio hotel in Las Vegas, I addressed this issue. The video here -- and the text below -- is the third installment of my presentation, specifically about how to plan the perfect press trip.

Press trips and press visits are a big part of some organizations' strategies for getting media coverage (obviously, this applies only to media outlets that accept press trips and press visits -- which today includes most newspapers, blogs, trade media and many travel magazines and sites). But the idea of what constitutes a press trip or press visit has evolved in recent years.

So let's take a look at what travel writers need to make press trips productive, and what public relations people can do to make the most of press trips for their organizations.

What Travel Writers Need on a Press Trip

1. WiFi. This is one of the most important things for any travel writer. We may be in some remote corner of the globe, but if we're on assignment, we're going to need WiFi. If you can make sure it's free, we're even more likely to post frequently and share our trip experiences with our followers. Also remember that if you're hosting journalists on trips to countries where they don't live, they may be relying on WiFi for all communication, to avoid hefty roaming charges. Verify ahead of time that there will be WiFi available at least at some of the restaurants and attractions they'll be visiting, as well as at the hotel - and try to get that WiFi fee waived for the journalists at the hotel, if necessary. You want to make it easy for them.

2. Free time. And I don't mean to rest and relax. I'm talking about free time to write, post content and check e-mail. Long gone are the days when we writers could put in 18-hour days of touring, meetings and interviews while on a press trip. We need more time now to file stories and posts while on the road, and answer correspondence. It also doesn't hurt to give us time to explore and experience things on our own. Some of my most interesting story ideas have come about while I was wandering unguided.

3. A detailed itinerary. The more details you can provide ahead of time, the better. Include web links, names and e-mails of people we'll be meeting and places we'll be visiting, so we can research ahead of time and also use the material as a resource after the trip.

4. The opportunity to personalize the visit. Press trips aren't a "one size fits all" experience, since every travel writer, journalist and blogger has different goals. Karla Visconti, director of corporate communications for the Caribbean and Latin America at Hilton Worldwide, says "we try to offer an opportunity to personalize the trip as much as possible, for example, giving the participating journalists options to choose from, rather than always having them do everything together. And we make sure we have local, cultural elements to make the trip as authentic as possible."

How to Pitch a Press Visit to Journalists

Veronica Villegas, senior account executive and International Director at Cheryl Andrews Marketing Communications in Coral Gables, Florida, notes that "press trips nowadays are great for the PR person, because things can be posted in real time, which creates a level of excitement and generates immediate engagement." She says her company sets up press trips while keeping in mind the following guidelines:

• Invites that are less pitchy and are more interactive, like using a video invitation as opposed to the traditional one-page invite.

• Themes (with very focused niches such as culinary travel, golf, luxury travel)

• Itineraries with story-telling experiences

• Hashtags created for the trip

• Social Media handles, so journalists can begin promoting their upcoming trips and promote them during and after

So how do you figure out the best way to pitch a press visit? You can work with an experienced public relations person, you can hire an agency or even use a journalist as a consultant. No matter how you do it, it's a good idea to sit down and come up with a specific strategy and policy about press trips and visits. For example:

• Do you have a budget to invite journalists to travel?

• Or, do you instead plan to extend invitations to journalists who are already living in or visiting your area?

• You can also partner with local tourism offices, convention and visitors bureaus and other businesses to be included on larger press trips.

Traditional Media vs. Bloggers: What's the Difference?

Let's again take a look at the differences between traditional media journalists and bloggers -- this time in terms of what they need on press trips.

Again, as a traditional journalist and blogger, I need things that are appropriate for both -- and a lot of writers are like me, since they are likely to be filing stories electronically and using social media, even if they're with a traditional media outlet.

Veronica notes that some bloggers expect to be paid by the hosting organization for their coverage, "and that's something that is not very traditional and oftentimes is an immediate turnoff to the client." But not all bloggers charge for coverage (I never do, unless it's part of an advertorial project on my travel blog site, -- and for that, it's clearly marked as sponsored content on the site). One big selling point that bloggers offer, Veronica notes, is that "bloggers usually post immediately or soon after their trips -- this poses a strong advantage over traditional print media."

Here's what Karla at Hilton Worldwide says:

"Bloggers seem to want more personal touches and real-life experiences. For example, a family blogger may ask to bring her or his children along on the trip [and] a weddings blogger may ask to attend a real wedding."

Rose Capasso, account manager at Carolyn Izzo Integrated Communications in Nyack, NY, says that "bloggers prefer more free time to explore and find little tidbits to share with their readers. They are also usually interested in photo opportunities and experiences they can post a video or cool shot of. Traditional journalists are usually able to adhere to an itinerary and have specific properties or activities that they are looking to cover for an assignment. Also, traditional journalists take notes and follow up for images and more information post-trip. Bloggers typically tweet or post directly from tours or meals."

Setting Your Expectations from a Press Trip

If you're a hotel, a travel company or a destination inviting travel writers to visit and write about you, it's a good idea to have clear goals in mind before you host a journalist or blogger -- and you can express your expectations to the writer, too.

Be sure you ask them for their social media handles prior to the visit, so you can follow the trip and retweet and share posts through your own outlets.

I have a really good example that I experienced a year or two ago. I was invited by OutThink Partners -- a leading LGBT public relations agency -- to do an individual, social-media-focused press trip to Island House, the gay men's resort hotel in Key West. The folks at OutThink did a great job of laying out their guidelines for me, which made it easy for me to follow.

Here are the basic guidelines they sent me... and you can see they include things that travel writers can do before, during and after the trip.

Before the Trip
• The travel writer should like/follow the host on social media (like Instagram and Facebook), in order to easily tag it in posts.
• Follow the host on Twitter.
• Mention the upcoming visit on Twitter, Facebook and any other social media feeds.
• Tease the trip in any other forums the journalist might have, including radio spots, e-newsletters, blog postings, etc.
• Include the appropriate handle for the host in all Tweets, and tag the host in Facebook and Instagram posts, so that the host organization can easily track, re-Tweet and re-post.

During the Trip
• Do as many Tweets, Facebook posts/check ins as possible. OutThink believes these are the ones that will go viral and generate comments. Travel writers' fans will love to know what they do for fun in "real life."
• Include comments on all the various types of experiences and services you enjoy, to help your social network understand what is offered by the host.
• Share experiences and services outside of the host -- for example, if it's a hotel hosting the travel writer, the writer can also Tweet and do posts about nearby restaurants, nightlife, activities and attractions.
• Be sure to tag the host in all Tweets and in Facebook posts. That makes it easier for the host to track what's being done, and also to share and re-post it themselves.

After the Trip
• Do any wrap up Tweets, Facebook posts, podcasts, etc.
• Again, be sure to tag the host in Tweets and other social media posts.
• Discuss the trip with the journalist, to see what was most effective and helpful.

The trip was a great success, and both productive and enjoyable. And even though the invite was focused solely on my social media coverage, it ended up generating print media coverage as well.

So how do you measure the value of media coverage? I'll touch on that in the next...

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How to Deal With Travel Writers, Part 2: What Writers Want From PR People

(3) Comments | Posted December 18, 2014 | 11:30 AM

The world of travel writers, journalists and travel bloggers is ever-changing. So how do public relations & media relations experts in the travel industry deal with them?

Speaking at the 15th Conference on LGBT Tourism and Hospitality at the Bellagio hotel in Las Vegas, I addressed this issue. The video here -- and the text below -- is the second installment of my presentation, specifically about what travel writers need from public relations people -- and what goes into making the perfect press and media section on a website.

A big part of securing ongoing coverage is about relationships. Journalists and travel writers need to know who you are, and you need to know who they are. If you have a personal connection -- even if it's just via e-mail interactions -- that's a great way to cement your brand further in their minds.

To do this, it helps to know what we -- the writers -- want and need from you.

What Do Travel Writers Want From Public Relations People?

Before I tell you my opinion, based on my experience as a writer, journalist and blogger, let's hear from some of my friends on the public relations side. Veronica Villegas, senior account executive and International Director at Cheryl Andrews Marketing Communications in Coral Gables, Florida, says this:

Freelancers, bloggers, vloggers, influencers are all the norm nowadays, and their needs are all different. The strategy is giving them each what they need. A traditional journalist could write a story from a press release, but nowadays, it has to be more than that. We have to be able to provide an authentic story-telling experience that can be shared. Messages today have to be more concise, and listicles have become popular. They are easy and provide the 'whys.'

Now there's a vocabulary word for you if you don't know it already: a listicle is basically a list that has enough copy to run as an article.

But how do you compare the different types of writers? Is there a difference between what traditional journalists want and what bloggers want? I can tell you, as someone who writes for traditional editorial media outlets as well as for blogs, that there is increasingly less difference.

Veronica adds the following:

There is some overlap when providing content, news and images. Traditional journalists typically want to use resources (through interviews) to authenticate their stories. On the other hand bloggers, vloggers, social media and influencers want to experience it for themselves, so you have to provide that access to them. Sometimes, the hard part is not so much distinguishing the difference between all of the online media opportunities and messaging, it's convincing the client that social media outlets are important. And they are very important, because you can often reach your audience directly.

Rose Capasso, account manager at Carolyn Izzo Integrated Communications in Nyack, NY, says that her way of communicating with writers, journalists and bloggers has evolved:

Over the years, my approach has become much less formal. I find that traditional journalists -- much like the bloggers I've been working with in recent years -- appreciate a short, targeted note as opposed to a longer, more formal pitch. I don't think anyone likes to feel as if they are being pitched, but rather respond better to a note that says 'Hi there, I thought this might be of interest to you.'

I'd like to add a bit more about what we journalists and bloggers look for. Here's a quick list of things that attract our attention:

• Hot trends
• Useful information
• Real news
• Cool visuals
• Offbeat stories
• Unique experiences
• Shareable moments

So how do you create shareable moments -- the things that appear on social media and get passed around?

Here's what Karla Visconti, director of corporate communications for the Caribbean and Latin America at Hilton Worldwide, has to say:

We try to look at trends and angles that will interest readers, doing what we can to move away from solely promoting offers and services, and looking at ways to deliver more authentic and creative elements. For example, for the holidays, instead of sending out a press release about our holiday offers, we share holiday cocktail recipes that readers can recreate at home, and personalize them with the name and face of the creator.

That tactic definitely worked on me -- I've run cocktail recipes from Hilton on my travel site,, including a photo of a rather hunky bartender!

This is the kind of content that attracts attention because it's info that people can use even if they're not traveling to your destination right away. It's a way to get your brand into their minds.

Karla also notes the importance of providing ideas for "larger" stories that transcend just one hotel or destination, as well as the need for multimedia resources -- with the ability to provide photos, video and social media-friendly content.

Here's more of Karla's insight:

We find that larger mainstream publications seek larger stories, trends, an angle that's larger than one hotel. Those looking for offers want real savings and demonstrated value, whereas before, many looked for creative packages or offers with interesting elements; it seems today it's more about simplifying and showing value to the consumer. The other change we are seeing is the need for multimedia resources, i.e. not just a press release, but content with a story, complemented by photos, videos, social media access, etc.

Here's another thing that I like: A great Website that's journalist-friendly and useful for journalists and bloggers.

Here's are seven things that make a website useful for travel writers:

1. A separate press section: Don't make journalists jump through hoops when they want to give you free publicity. Maintain a press section on your site, even if it's just one page. That's the place for news updates, press releases, factoids, story angles and interesting tidbits that could spark a story. And don't forget to include a phone number and e-mail for reporters to get more information. A well-planned online press section can work wonders for even the smallest business, serving as an automatic publicist.
2. Easy-to-find information: You should have a friendly little place to click that says "Press Relations," "Media Center" or something similar. If you have a completely separate Website (with a different URL) that serves as your online newsroom, include easy-to-find links throughout your main Website.
3. Up-to-date information: Press releases and news should be organized in chronological order, with the newest first (and be sure each release has the date it was issued).
4. No forced forms: Don't force journalists to register to access the press section. You can offer them an automated form where they can register to be placed on your mailing list -- but don't make that mandatory.
5. A real, live human being: Include a contact name (a real person), a phone number, e-mail and the address of your organization. A "submit" form for questions is not sufficient, as often journalists need to speak by phone, or send an e-mail from their own e-mail address.
6. The ability to search: Include a search feature within the newsroom or for the site overall. This way, journalists can find the specific information they need.
7. Great visuals: Include a section with low-resolution stock images -- and perhaps video too -- depicting your product, destination or service. Be ready to respond promptly to requests for higher-resolution versions for publication (you can include watermark on each low-res image with your copyright to protect against misuse, but the high resolution images must be watermark-free).

In future posts, I'll address how to plan the perfect press...

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How to Deal with Travel Writers, Part 1: Bloggers vs. Journalists

(7) Comments | Posted December 13, 2014 | 6:40 PM

The world of travel writers, journalists and travel bloggers is ever-changing. So how do public relations & media relations experts in the travel industry deal with them?

Speaking at the 15th Conference on LGBT Tourism & Hospitality at the Bellagio hotel in Las Vegas, I addressed this issue. The video here -- and the text below -- is the first installment of my presentation, specifically about the evolution of travel writers, journalists and travel blogs.

When I started as a travel writer, editor and custom content back in 1994, things were pretty simple. The goal for every hotel, every destination, every tour operator was to get into print, as often as possible and in the magazines and newspapers with the biggest circulations and the best-known names.

And we travel writers were pretty easy to figure out too. We liked free food and free press trips. Free booze was pretty high up there too.

But times have changed. Sure, we travel writers still like the free stuff. But media and strategies have changed -- a lot. Your travel business or destination may get a bigger bump from a blog you've never heard of, or a well-connected social media person, than from the best-known magazine on the newsstand.

Writers and editorial content are more splintered and specialized than ever before. And -- as magazines and newspapers have shrunk and the Internet has grown -- there are more freelance writers, bloggers, videographers and content producers than ever before.

So how do you deal with all these people?

What's the Difference Between Travel Writers?
Let's start with a basic question: What, exactly, is the difference between a journalist who covers travel and a travel writer? The answer, nowadays, is that are is increasingly little difference between these job descriptions and what each type of writer looks for. Why? Because lines have been blurred.

Consider this: Every magazine has a Website. Some have exclusive, web-only content, and perhaps their own blogs, in addition to their print copy. Many freelance journalists -- like me -- contribute regularly to print media but also write Web-only copy, even as we maintain a busy social media presence and operate our own blogs. (In my case, my site is called, and it focuses on travel to Latin America.)

The good news is that this diversification actually can provide added value and opportunities for your organization. Writers know how to do a lot more things today -- and many of us work seven days a week to get our messages out to various audiences.

How to Find the Best Travel Writers and Bloggers

So how do you find the right people to help you get your message out to the public?

Often, journalists and writers will find you. But sometimes, you'll want to find them as well, to make sure you're reaching the right audiences.

To check out print and traditional journalists, you can pay to use services like, a site that provides influencer identification with a media database that uncovers your audience's biggest influencers.

Take note of that word I just used. "Influencer," in fact is a term you hear lots nowadays. These are the people -- writers, bloggers, social media types -- who are good at building high-quality followings and influencing their followers' decisions. In our case, these are the people who publish and post a lot about travel, and help other people to make up their minds about what they want to do when they travel.

If bloggers and social media are a major part of your strategy, you might want to try joining and attending TBEX, the Travel Bloggers Exchange. Their annual conventions -- which take place in Asia, North America and Europe -- attract some of the most active travel bloggers, with workshops, presentations and the chance to network.

What's the Big Deal About Blogs?
Aren't some of those sites run by crazy people sitting alone in their bedrooms?

As someone who often runs my blog while sitting alone in my bedroom, I can say YES.

But that doesn't mean that the blogosphere shouldn't be on your radar.

Cision recently published an article based on the 2013 Digital Influence Report that says that blogs rank high with consumers for trust, popularity and influence.

The downside, according to the Cision article, is that the rapid growth of the blogosphere has made it more difficult for people to measure the value of blog posts.

So how do you determine if a travel blog is what you should be targeting with your message?

What to Look For in Travel Blogs and Travel Bloggers
The world is filled with lots of travel blogs, and lots of travel bloggers. So what should you look for to make sure they fit your goals?

Two important factors that you'll want to compare and weigh are quality and quantity. In other words, a blog with two million followers sounds impressive -- but it doesn't mean much if the quality of the content is bad, or if none of those readers ever buy travel and aren't interested in what you're selling.

That's why it's good to focus tightly on blogs that speak to your audience and potential customers. My site, for example, focuses specifically on travel to and around Latin America -- so you know that people who visit the site are motivated travelers interested in that region. And there are lots of other tightly focused travel blogs and travel Websites out there.

Let's say that you get contacted out of the blue by a random blogger who wants to give you some coverage. How do you decide if it's worth it?

One of my good friends on the public relations side of things is Karla Visconti. She's the director of corporate communications for the Caribbean and Latin America at Hilton Worldwide. And here's what she does to gauge the value of a blog:

"The first thing I do is visit the site. Look at the content, read some of the posts. Get a feel for the blog and audience. Then, I look at any social media channels they may have, to get an idea of the following and engagement levels. While I understand that the style and needs of a blogger may be different than that of traditional media, what I look for is similar: a vehicle that can reach my target audience with relevant and professional content. Also, we know blogs with images tend to attract more visitors, so we look for bloggers who are visually representing their work through photos to tell a story."

Another good friend of mine, Veronica Villegas, is senior account executive and International Director at Cheryl Andrews Marketing Communications in Coral Gables, Florida. She works with the Costa Rica Tourism Board, and in the past has handled media relations for InterContinental Hotels Group.

Here's what she does when she's contacted by a blogger she doesn't know:

"I go to their blog and scope it out and see if it's a good fit for the client. I also look them up on Facebook,, LinkedIn, Vocus and finally I Google to see recent works."

There are a lot of factors to consider, Veronica says, including the following:

• Who is the journalists/blogger's audience?
• Does the journalist/blogger have good content and images?
• When was the last day of activity?
• Also, no one wants to be listed or written about on a site that looks dated. Is there an active following? Is there engagement?

I also got some good insight from a friend named Rose Capasso, who's an account manager at Carolyn Izzo Integrated Communications in Nyack, NY. Her company has major clients including the Los Cabos Tourism Board and several top-notch hotels.

Here's what she does when she gets contacted by a unknown travel blogger:

"The first thing I do is check out their blog and recent posts. I try to understand what their voice or tone is, and how they like to cover destinations or hotels, since those are the majority of my clients. One of the things I look for in a blogger, personally, is someone whose coverage is positive but reliable and truthful. I don't expect someone's review to always be 'sunshine and rainbows,' but I am wary of bloggers who post negative reviews or have a snarky tone."

In addition, Rose does the following:

"Typically, we do some research to find out how many monthly visitors a blog tends to get, using analytical tools available via the web. But we also do our research to find out what are the top blogs in each vertical market (i.e. golf, weddings, luxury travel), so we have a good idea of what blogs and bloggers are most relevant and credible. We also work off of recommendations - if we have worked with a really great blogger, we like to ask for his/her recommendation of other bloggers whom they've worked with, traveled with, who they read, etc."

Social media is also important to consider, Rose adds. Here's what she has to say:

"In terms of social media, the numbers game is always valuable -- number of followers, Klout score, etc. -- but we also look at the content and the amount of times someone shares or retweets. The quality of their followers is also important; quality over quantity is an important rule that clients don't always understand, but has proven time and time again to be the right choice in terms of coverage."

In a recent post on the TBEX website, William Bakker of Think! Social Media wrote about how destination management organizations measure the value of working with a blogger:

"It's not just the size of a blogger's audience that's important, but the likelihood of delivering a relevant, credible, and authentic message to their network. Passion speaks volumes. We need to believe that their message will influence a reader's travel decisions."

And that's a good thing to keep in mind.

In future posts, I'll address to to build relationships with travel writers, how to create a journalist-friendly website and how to plan the perfect press trip....

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In Panama, Ex-Gang Members Lead Tours of Former Danger Zones

(1) Comments | Posted December 10, 2014 | 12:44 AM

Jafet Glissant was 14 years old when he joined Ciudad de Dios, a gang named after Cidade de Deus, the Brazilian film about street gangs in Rio de Janeiro. Today, he's a tour guide with Fortaleza Tours, a Panama tour operator that offers excursions into the real-life, dangerous...

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Travel Nirvana: 22 Tips to Bring the Joy Back to Air Travel

(0) Comments | Posted November 4, 2014 | 9:50 AM

Can you really get to heaven in economy class? Photo:

Yeah, I know. Air travel isn't fun. And nearly every traveler loves to complain about it. I already did so with my earlier post, "The 7 Most Annoying Things...

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Who Are Millennial Travelers and What Do They Want?

(1) Comments | Posted November 4, 2014 | 6:12 AM

Panel discussion about Millennial travelers, at the SAHIC conference in Quito. Photo:

The term "Millennial" is thrown around a lot nowadays. Roughly, it refers to the generation of people born anywhere between the early 1980s and the early 2000s. It's a big...

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A Ride on the New Panama Metro, Central America's First Subway

(2) Comments | Posted November 3, 2014 | 4:14 PM

The Panama Metro opened in 2014. Photo:

Panama's capital is truly in growth mode. Consider this: Panama City is home to the tallest buildings in Central America, the first Waldorf Astoria and Trump hotels in Latin America, and the first Frank...

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The 9 Best Things About Flying Economy Class -- Really!

(0) Comments | Posted August 12, 2014 | 3:17 PM


Food, glorious airline food: Some airlines -- like Aeromexico, pictured here -- still serve free food in economy class.

Last week, I conjured up a scathing review of international air travel with my post, "The 7 Most Annoying Things That Airlines...

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The 7 Most Annoying Things Airlines and Airports Do in Latin America

(5) Comments | Posted August 4, 2014 | 4:00 PM

Alphabet soup: Some airlines have strange boarding processes!

Attention airport and airline administrators: Prepare for some constructive criticism. (And travelers headed to Latin America: prepare to add a few things to your "must avoid" list.)

If you read my blog regularly,...

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Historic Architecture of San Jose, Costa Rica (Photos)

(0) Comments | Posted July 9, 2014 | 11:10 PM

During my most recent trip to Costa Rica, I was lucky enough to have a couple days to myself in the capital city of San Jose. As a result, I had time to wander the streets downtown. Many travelers skip past San Jose and head straight for the nation's...

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7 Tips for Whitewater Rafting

(1) Comments | Posted July 2, 2014 | 6:29 PM

Whitewater rafting along the Pacuare River in Costa Rica is a fun and challenging experience.

The first thing I need to declare is that I'm a wimp. Even though I traverse the Americas as a travel writer, I'm not the type of...

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The Creative Side of Costa Rica: Galleries, Museums and Shops in San Jose

(1) Comments | Posted June 24, 2014 | 5:00 PM

Sure, Costa Rica is world-famous as an ecotourism destination, thanks to its pristine coastline and thousands of acres of protected natural areas. But travelers who fly into this Central America's capital city, San José, and immediately head out to get their eco-friendly fix are missing the chance to enjoy...

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Secretos de un aeromozo: Rocko Galvez comparte sus "tips de viajero" para América Latina

(1) Comments | Posted June 12, 2014 | 3:46 PM

Son pocas las personas que conoce mejor el mundo del viajero que los asistentes de vuelo. Pasan horas y días en el aire, en aeropuertos y en hoteles. Pues cuando Rocko Galvez, un aeromozo panameño que lleva más de tres años trabajando en una de las aerolíneas más grandes de...

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Travel Secrets of a Flight Attendant: Rocko Galvez on Latin America Jetsetting

(0) Comments | Posted June 2, 2014 | 7:18 PM

Flight attendant Rocko Galvez shares his insider Latin America travel tips.

If you want the best travel advice, you can't do much better than asking a flight attendant. After all, they've flown just about everywhere, stayed at hotels good and bad...

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Stop Thinking Gay! 7 Ways to Market to Today's LGBT Travelers

(0) Comments | Posted May 30, 2014 | 7:22 PM


During the recent New York Travel Festival, a travel conference and expo that takes place every year in New York City, I was invited to make two presentations: one for consumers and one for travel industry insiders. In the travel industry presentation, titled "Stop Thinking Gay: 7 Ways to Reach the New Gay Traveler," I highlighted how gay travel marketing has evolved, and what successful companies and destinations are doing to stay on top of this valuable market segment. Here is an excerpt from the presentation (you can also watch the video, which is a bit more detailed).

Gay travelers have evolved, and so has the way that travel organizations market to them. To get a clear picture about how to approach this valuable group of travelers (and I'm using the term "gay" interchangeably with "LGBT," or Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender), the first thing you need to do is to FORGET THAT THESE TRAVELERS ARE GAY. Clearing the slate will make it easier to take in these suggestions about how to market to them. (That's because, in a lot of ways, the LGBT market is just as multifaceted -- and similar in its basic interests -- as any other group of travelers.)

So how do you as a business, destination or organization reach this audience? Consider these seven tips:

1. Diversify. As we know, the LGBT market isn't one big homogenous group, especially nowadays. You need to think of all these niches within the niche, and determine which make sense for you to target: Men, women, families with kids, multi-ethnic groups, international travelers are just a few of the possibilities (you'll find more in the video).

2. Integrate. Gay travelers feel more comfortable than ever with their straight counterparts, and vice versa. If you're a gay-specific business, you might already be expanding your strategy to include the mainstream straight market. If you're a so-called "mainstream" company, you should start seriously thinking about including your gay marketing materials with your other content, if you haven't already.

Take a look at the Greater Fort Lauderdale Convention & Visitors Bureau (CVB). Last year, they integrated their LGBT campaign into their mainstream marketing efforts. They incorporated gay content into their TV campaigns. The Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Association, meanwhile has taken a rather creative approach at integrating its advertising, with a new TV commercial that addresses several markets at once, with Vegas-style humor (you can see the full commercial in the video).

Lots of other destinations have upped the ante as well. Three Mexican destinations have made great strides in promoting themselves to the LGBT market. The most recent to join the effort is the Cancun CVB, which last year signed up with the International Gay and Lesbian Travel Association.The Puerto Vallarta CVB already has a section on its Website proclaiming its gay-friendliness. And Mexico City's tourism site is especially detailed with gay travel information, including a 50-page gay travel guide, available in either English or Spanish, which you can download for free.

Another good case study is American Airlines. Search for the word "gay" on the American Airlines Website, and three topics pop up: consumer travel, workplace equality and employee resource groups. They make it easy for everyone to see that they're dedicated to the market, and also that they treat their employees equally.

On the accommodation front, Preferred Hotel Group -- which represents more than 650 independent hotels -- has integrated its Preferred Pride content into its main Website, and also moved much of its LGBT advertising into mainstream media. They recognize that gay travelers are just as likely to read Conde Nast Traveler or the New York Times as they are Out or The Advocate.

3. Expand Your Products & Campaigns. Marriott International is another major player that has broadened its LGBT marketing efforts, with a microsite accessible in five languages. Hilton has a campaign called "Stay Hilton. Go Out" -- and it's expanded to more than 460 hotel properties since debuting in 2012.

Or take a look again at Fort Lauderdale. They were one of the first U.S. cities to launch a gay-specific marketing campaign back in 1995, with a tiny budget of just $35,000 -- that was matched by an equal contribution from local gay hotels for a series of co-op ads.

Today, that budget has jumped to over $1 million a year. "17 years ago LGBT or gay was a niche market," according to Richard Gray, who's the LGBT director at the CVB. Now, he says, "it's now a full market in its own right." Last year, he says the city received 1.3 million LGBT visitors, who spent $1.5 BILLION dollars.

To keep that momentum going, Fort Lauderdale is diversifying its approach and finding new opportunities. They're focusing especially hard on building the gay meetings and sporting events market, according to Gray. Here's his reasoning: "We feel confident that if we can get groups, we will also secure them as leisure travelers."

4. Know Your Media. Be aware of how people are getting information about your business -- that should influence both how you advertise and how you stay on top of what your customers are saying about you.

That's one thing that guides Bill Boeddiker, the owner of Parker Guest House, which is a bed-and-breakfast in San Francisco's Castro district. He says that when his hotel opened in 1997, they advertised exclusively in gay and lesbian media -- like the Damron Guide and Spartacus.

Boedikker says that he still uses gay-specific sites like Gay Cities, Purple Roofs and, but the main source of his business now is Google, TripAdvisor and -- which has also helped increase the percentage of straight guests he has.

San Francisco Travel is another organization that's moved away from some print vehicles, according to Lynn Bruni, the organization's vice president of marketing communications -- at the same time, they've also moved away from strictly "vertical media" buys -- that means they no longer target gay travelers solely through LGBT media. Although, they have partnered with -- as well as California cities like Palm Springs and West Hollywood -- to create joint promotions that benefit all of the destinations.

5. Create Excitement & Shareable Moments. When it comes down to it, we all want a lot of the same things when it comes to travel. So you need to appeal to some pretty basic emotions to motivate gay travelers to spend their time and money with you.

Communicate the value of the experiences, and make it easy for people to share their excitement through social media -- even if they haven't taken the trip yet. Keep the conversation going.

Among the more memorable examples: Air New Zealand gained not only social media shares, but lots of press coverage with its gay- friendly activities. In 2008, the airline staged a special "Pink Flight" that flew passengers from San Francisco to the Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras in Sydney, Australia. In 2013, on the same day that New Zealand's same-sex marriage law went into effect, the airline hosted a same-sex wedding in-flight. Jesse Tyler Ferguson, one of the stars of the TV show "Modern Family," was present for the ceremony.

The folks who run Marriott Residence Inns report success with their own publicity tactics. Last year, they named lesbian chef and television personality Cat Cora, as the chain's "Residence Mom of the Year," to help connect with traveling parents and families -- including same-sex couples.To drive home their point, last November, the hotel chain hosted its first-ever Twitter Party for LGBT parents traveling with kids. The company reports that their hash tag trended as one of the most popular that evening.

Tourisme Montreal has staged quirky LGBT tourism campaigns like its "Queer of the Year" contest, and even created its own Web series. The six-part series, "Montreal Boy: Some Strings Attached," debuted in April on, in collaboration with Air Canada.

6. Provide Valuable Resources. I've been writing and managing custom content for years for various travel industry clients, from Orbitz and LAN Airlines, to the Mexico Tourism Board, various CVBs and hotels ranging from big chains to individual properties.

In addition to becoming more digital and oriented toward social, successful travel organizations are becoming subtler in the way they promote their destination, service or product.

You might call it custom content, native advertising or branded content, but the point is this: you'll often attract more people to your message if you package it with useful, compelling or cool information that they can use and share. Think beyond the self-promotional, and work with writers and social media experts who can help you create content that will get you noticed.

Preferred Hotel Group is among the newest entrants into this field; this year, they introduced the Preferred Pride blog, which provides insider travel tips and information about hotels, events and destinations in general.

7. Keep Your Eyes Open. You need to be on the lookout for the next big thing -- whether it's a new app to communicate with your customers, or a promising new niche within the LGBT market.

One of the fastest-growing niches right now, for example, is same- sex weddings and honeymoons -- thanks in no small part to the increasing number of destinations where it's legal. According to a new study released in April by the Williams Institute, extending marriage to same-sex couples just in the state of Oregon -- where it's not currently legal -- would generate nearly $50 million in spending to the state economy. In Virginia, it could add up to $60 million.

Travel companies and destinations are taking note, even in places where marriage isn't legal. In 2013, W Retreat & Spa on Vieques Island, in Puerto Rico, launched a partnership with wedding planner Bernadette Coveney Smith, founder of 14 Stories. Together, they offer same-sex destination-wedding packages. Marriott International has a Gay Weddings and Events section on its gay microsite. And Preferred Hotel Group is in the process of integrating same-sex wedding and honeymoon offerings into its other similar packages.

As the world integrates further and social media continue to expand, the opportunities and challenges are sure to keep things...

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Sneak Preview: The Jade Museum's Sparkling New Home in Costa Rica

(0) Comments | Posted May 20, 2014 | 5:32 PM

The Jade Museum has been one of the top must-see cultural institutions in San Jose, Costa Rica for years. And now, it's likely going to surge even higher on the list of things to do in that Central American nation, as the organization prepares to debut a brand-new, U.S.$21...

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3 Ways to Make Your Trip Gay -- Even If You're Straight

(0) Comments | Posted May 2, 2014 | 9:27 PM

Mexico City's gay pride parade is a colorful event where all are welcome.

In my last post, I highlighted 5 reasons why gay travel is great for straight people, based on a presentation that I made about the topic...

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