Opening a joint bank account can streamline your financial life if you're married, but it's not without certain pitfalls. Today, I explain some of the biggest disadvantages associated with joint accounts if the relationship doesn't end up working out.
Fights about money aren't uncommon in marriage and according to at least one survey, 70 percent of couples argue over financial matters from time to time. If you share a bank account with your significant other, that may add to the stress if you're not on the same page about how to manage it.
Joint bank accounts can create even more problems if the relationship doesn't work out. Having been through a separation in the last year, I found out first hand how easy it is to get burned when you've got all your assets mixed in with your spouse's. I've since sworn off joint accounts for good, thanks to some costly lessons I learned along the way.
If you share a checking or savings account with someone, here's what you need to know on the off chance that things go south.
Joint accounts don't offer individual protections.
When you open a joint account, whether it's with a spouse, parent or anyone else you both have an equal share in its ownership. Any assets that go into it belong to each of you, regardless of who actually deposits the money. That also means, however, that either one of you can pull cash out or transfer it to a different account whenever you like.
My husband and I shared a joint checking account and a joint savings account. As the primary breadwinner, he was responsible for most of what went into those accounts, and it was my job to make sure all the bills were paid. When the marriage ended, he withdrew half the amount in our savings account and moved it to a different bank. Because the account had both our names on it, the bank didn't ask any questions, and I didn't find out about it until after it the transaction was completed.
While that was a pretty rude awakening, the most frustrating part was that it could have been avoided by making a simple change to the terms of the account. If you request it, you can have a joint account set up so that both parties must provide their signature any time a withdrawal is made through a teller. Had I done that, I still would have agreed to split the account evenly but at least I wouldn't have been caught off-guard.
You're both on the hook if the account ends up in the negative.
Since you and the person you've opened a joint account with are both considered equal owners of the assets, it makes sense that you'd also be equally responsible for its liabilities. If one person is making purchases or withdrawals and the account ends up in the negative, the bank is going to start piling on the overdraft fees. Even if you're no longer using the account, you still technically owe those fees as long as it's in your name.
Following our initial separation, my husband and I weren't able to close our joint checking account right away. During the transition, I opened new accounts at a different bank and began using them to pay my bills. Meanwhile, he continued to deposit just enough money into the old account to continue paying certain bills that had been set up as automatic drafts.
When he eventually closed the account, there was an automatic payment pending that was allowed to go through. That triggered more than $300 in overdraft fees and the bank was only concerned with getting the money, not who actually owed it. Fortunately, we had been banking with them for some time so they agreed to waive the fees, but that was the exception, rather than the rule.
If the bank had been less cooperative, we would have had to pay the fees, or else run the risk of the account showing up on each of our ChexSystems reports. Once you get a negative mark on ChexSystems, it can be much harder to get a bank account. In that scenario, a second chance checking account might be your only option.
Debt collectors don't care whose money is in the account.
Sharing a bank account can backfire if one of you isn't keeping up with your financial obligations. For example, if your spouse runs up a big credit card bill and doesn't pay, the creditor can sue to recover what's owed. That means any bank accounts in their name can be attached, including joint accounts. Even if you're not legally responsible for the debt, you could still lose out if your joint account is garnished following a lawsuit.
Both my husband and I each had debts in our names, but fortunately we didn't owe anything jointly other than our mortgage. It was a good thing too because one of his credit card accounts was close to being charged-off. If the creditor had decided to sue while the joint account was still open, a garnishment could have negatively affected my credit if the account had gotten pushed into overdraft.
Tip: Certain deposits, including child support payments, unemployment benefits and Social Security benefits are exempt from bank account garnishments.
Joint bank accounts do offer some advantages in terms of convenience and simplicity, but there is a certain amount of risk that goes along with opening one. Evaluating the pros and cons beforehand can help you decide whether combining your accounts makes sense.