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National Trust for Historic Preservation
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The National Trust for Historic Preservation is a privately-funded nonprofit organization that works to save America’s historic places for the next generation. It’s committed to protecting America’s rich cultural legacy and helping build vibrant, sustainable communities that reflect our nation’s diversity. It takes direct action to save the places that matter while bringing the voices of the preservation movement to the forefront nationally.

Entries by National Trust for Historic Preservation

Five Historic Sites with Fresh Perspectives on Interpreting Slavery and Freedom

(0) Comments | Posted April 30, 2015 | 11:07 AM

By Jamesha Gibson


The Whitney Plantation uses art to honor slaves that toiled there and elsewhere across the United States. Video courtesy of The Whitney Plantation from UNISON LA on Vimeo.

When I visit a historic plantation or a city's museum, I often see spaces -- such as slave cabins, outbuildings or smaller exhibits -- that take on the task of interpreting slavery or free African-American communities. When I see this, I take a moment to appreciate the plantation or museum's effort, and how far our nation has come in interpreting a narrative that, not too long ago, was invisible to the American public.

Though I appreciate these efforts, what intrigues and excites me is what the following five historic sites have done. They have flipped the traditional script and interpret their sites from the perspective of the enslaved or free African-American community. Moreover, they educate visitors about the struggles of African-Americans in both slavery and freedom and how this struggle influenced their culture.

Using different approaches, all of the five sites work to spark a dialogue that will lead to understanding and reconciliation. Take a look to see what I mean.

The Whitney Plantation -- Wallace, Louisiana

In 1999, John Cummings took on what would become a 15-year renovation of the Whitney Plantation. When the renovations were completed and the plantation opened to the public in December 2014, it was obvious that this historic plantation was unlike any other in the United States.

Its interpretive narrative doesn't focus on Ambroise Heidel who founded the plantation in 1752. Nor does it highlight the New Yorker, Brandish Johnson, who bought the plantation after the Civil War. The Whitney is unique in that it interprets the former indigo and sugar plantation from the viewpoint of the more than 350 slaves who lived and worked there.

It functions as a powerful site of memory and consciousness and honors not only the slaves who toiled at the Whitney Plantation, but also the slaves that lived, labored and died elsewhere in the United States.

John Cummings chose art as a tool to convey the perspectives of slaves on the plantation. Memorials -- such as The Field of Angels, The Wall of Honor, and the Allées Gwendolyn Midlo Hall -- and sculptures dot the landscape, serving as reflective spaces to contemplate the tragedies that the enslaved endured.

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The Freedom House Museum uses the former Franklin & Armfield slave pen to interpret the journeys of the enslaved.

Freedom House Museum -- Alexandria, Virginia

This house along Alexandria's Duke Street was originally built as the residence for Brigade General Robert Young in 1812. Sixteen years later it was leased to the slave dealing firm Franklin & Armfield and converted into a slave pen to hold enslaved men, women and children in route to the sugar and cotton plantations of the Deep South.

Today, despite its sinister legacy, the former slave pen has been transformed into the Freedom House Museum founded and operated by the Northern Virginia Urban League. Through original artifacts, exhibits and digital first-person slave narrative interpretations, the Freedom House Museum takes the very space where enslaved African-Americans experienced terror, separation and despair and uses it as a platform to tell their harrowing story, consequently preventing this narrative from fading into the urban landscape.

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Many on the staff at the Old Slave Mart Museum can trace their ancestry back to Charleston slaves.

The Old Slave Mart Museum -- Charleston, South Carolina

The Old Slave Mart Museum recognizes the major role that Charleston played in the interstate slave trade. Between the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Charleston was one of the largest slave trading centers in the United States. Before 1856, the public sale of enslaved African-Americans took place at the Exchange Building.

After an ordinance made the public sale of slaves illegal, much of the slave dealing in Charleston moved to private marts along Chalmers, Queen and State streets. One of these was Ryan's Mart, today known as the Old Slave Mart. Ryan's Mart -- named after Thomas Ryan, the alderman who built the mart -- had a "barracoon" or slave jail and an open air shed where the enslaved were displayed on auction tables for potential buyers to view and purchase. The importation, exportation and selling of slaves in the Old Slave Mart continued until the end of the Civil War.

In 1878, it was converted into a tenement for African-Americans. Later, the Mart was used as an auto repair shop and functioned as such until 1937. A year later, Miriam B. Wilson bought the Old Slave Mart and established a museum that displayed African and African-American arts and crafts -- planting the first seeds of African-American interpretation on the property.

After the museum closed in 1987, the City of Charleston acquired it. Now, the Old Slave Mart Museum staff -- many of whom can trace their ancestry back to Charleston slaves -- direct visitors through the informative panels that discuss the slave trade, slave auctions and slavery in Charleston.

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The Episcopal Diocese of Rhode Island are in the early planning stages of turning the Cathedral of St. John into a Center for Reconciliation.

The Cathedral of St. John -- Providence, Rhode Island

The Cathedral of St. John -- established as King's Church in 1722 --became part of the Episcopal Diocese of Rhode Island in 1790 and served the community of Providence until April 2012 when the Cathedral closed. Now, the Episcopal Dioceses of Rhode Island seeks a way to allow the church to serve its community once again.

Currently, there are preliminary plans to have the Cathedral house a Center for Reconciliation where visitors can experience and be engaged in the work of reconciliation through lectures, performances and other educational experiences. Plans for the Center also include a museum in the parish hall that would focus on the intersection of slavery and faith, delving into the Episcopal Church's role in slavery and abolition.

"The shipbuilding and shipping industry in Rhode Island were major players in the slave trade, and much of Rhode Island's economy was built with the profits of that trade," says Ben Sibielski, Director of Communications at the Episcopal Diocese of Rhode Island. "Many -- perhaps most -- of those businesses were owned and operated by Episcopalians. So we feel we have both an obligation and an opportunity to speak the truth about the church's role in the slave trade. We anticipate that this museum would be an attraction to visitors as well as a valuable contribution to the city and state's history and self-awareness."

As early plans for the Center for Reconciliation move forward, the Diocese has partnered with Brown University Center for the Study of Slavery and Justice, The Tracing Center, the Providence Preservation Society, the National Park Service, the Jonathan Daniels House and the Rhode Island Foundation to make the Center a reality and a place where people can be transformed and become reconcilers.

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The Museum of African American History in Boston uses both the African Meeting House and the Abiel Smith School to interpret life in the free African-American community.

African Meeting House and the Abiel Smith School -- Boston, Massachusetts

The African Meeting House and the Abiel Smith School are two priceless interpretive sites for the Museum of African American History in Boston (as well as two National Trust Historic Sites). Both tell the story of the free African-American community's triumph over adversity.

In the early 19th century, free African-American Bostonians were allowed to attend church with their white counterparts. However, once inside the church, they were segregated from the white congregation members and were denied voting privileges.

Outraged at the injustice, African-Americans began to follow Thomas Paul, an African-American preacher from New Hampshire, and attend his services in Faneuil Hall. In 1805, Paul's congregation purchased land on which they would build their sanctuary.

The African Meeting House, as it would later be called, was constructed almost entirely with African-American labor, while Cato Gardner, a free African, raised a large sum of money to fund the building's construction. After its dedication on December 6, 1806, the African Meeting House became a nucleus for the free African-American community.

The Abiel Smith School was constructed in 1834 with funds from the estate of Abiel Smith, a white business man. The building was the first public school for African-American children, and while it aided free African-American Bostonians, they continued to fight for educational equality and integration throughout the 1830s, '40s and '50s. Finally, in 1855 a bill was passed by the legislature and signed by the governor which outlawed segregation of public schools in Massachusetts.

Currently, the Museum of African American History in Boston uses tours, lectures, exhibits and artistic performances to inform the public about the adversity that the free African-American community of Boston faced, and the rich culture that was born out of their triumph.

In addition to these five remarkable sites, the National Trust is making strides of its own. Check out our new series on the Preservation Leadership Forum blog where we take a look at our historic sites and how they interpret slavery. Read the first post "Interpreting Slavery at National Trust Historic Sites"

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Go Behind the Scenes in a Colorado Ghost Town

(0) Comments | Posted April 23, 2015 | 3:19 PM

By Lauren Walser

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Looking south across the ghost town of Animas Forks, Colorado, in the San Juan Mountains.

We took you to the long-abandoned mining town of Animas Forks, Colorado, in the...

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Explore the Beautiful Ruins of Atalaya in South Carolina

(0) Comments | Posted April 23, 2015 | 2:51 PM

By Geoff Montes

150423_blog-photo_Atalaya Atalaya Castle is a unique example of Moorish architecture infused with American craftsmanship.

In the Spring 2015 issue of Preservation magazine, Logan Ward takes readers on a

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4 California Wineries With Rich Histories

(0) Comments | Posted April 23, 2015 | 2:43 PM

By Katherine Flynn

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Wine being barrel-aged at the Gundlach Bundschu winery.

In the Spring 2015 issue of Preservation magazine, we feature the stories of three well-aged and much-loved...

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See Who Won the Big Tap: Historic Bars Tournament 2015

(0) Comments | Posted April 10, 2015 | 12:35 PM

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The Corner Club in Moscow, Idaho is the first-ever champion of The Big Tap: Historic Bars Tournament.

Last call is over and it's finally closing time for...

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See Who's in the Championship Game for Historic Bars

(0) Comments | Posted April 3, 2015 | 2:52 PM

The Mint Bar has been in operation since 1907
Sheridan, Wyoming's Mint Bar has been in operation since 1907.

The hour is getting late and the crowd has cleared out. Two of our Final Four competitors have been bounced out the...

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See Who's in the Final Four of Historic Bars

(0) Comments | Posted March 27, 2015 | 1:47 PM

Milwaukee's Holler House is home to the nation's oldest certified bowling alley.
Milwaukee's Holler House is home to the nation's oldest certified bowling alley.

Fun fact: We received more than 13,000 (!) votes in the latest round of

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It's All Aboard at These Train Depots-Turned-Restaurants

(0) Comments | Posted March 26, 2015 | 12:17 PM

By Jamesha Gibson

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The Fullerton Union Pacific Station now houses The Old Spaghetti Factory restaurant.

In the Spring 2015 issue of Preservation, we feature three train depots-turned-restaurants. Now, we've rounded up three more transformed train depots that are sure to...

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Haunting Beauty: Visit the Ghost Town of Bodie, California

(0) Comments | Posted March 26, 2015 | 10:58 AM

By Lauren Walser

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Bodie is preserved in a state of "arrested decay" -- meaning everything stays just as it was when the abandoned town was acquired by the state parks department in 1962.

No one comes to Bodie, California,...

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See Who's in the Elite 8 for Historic Bars

(0) Comments | Posted March 20, 2015 | 3:00 PM

Tootsies World Famous Orchid Lounge has been a hub for many country music legends such as Faron Young, Patsy Cline, Kris Kristofferson, and Loretta Lynn.

The Sweet 16 results are in, and after another round of The Big Tap Historic Bars Tournament the competitors who couldn't hold their liquor head...

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See Who's in the Sweet 16 of Historic Bars

(0) Comments | Posted March 13, 2015 | 4:33 PM

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The Dresden has been a Los Angeles institution since 1954. Credit: Blaise Nutter
The Dresden in Los Angeles took home the prize in its matchup.

Just like any crowded...

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10 (More) Love Letters to Historic Places

(0) Comments | Posted March 12, 2015 | 10:34 AM

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Members of the Brockport, New York community showed their love for the 60 Clinton Street building by conducting a Virtual Heart Bomb campaign.

We had so many

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9 Love Letters to Historic Places

(0) Comments | Posted March 12, 2015 | 10:28 AM

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Awbury Arboretum in Philadelphia signed, sealed, and delivered its heart bombs.

Posters. Ribbons. Markers. Stickers. Crayons. Balloons. Props. Digital art. No matter the medium, one message came through loud and clear this past month: America...

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The Big Tap: Historic Bars Tournament Tip-Off!

(0) Comments | Posted March 9, 2015 | 3:04 PM

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From Cinderella stories to buzzer beaters, the NCAA basketball tournament ensures March is a month where history is made. But this year, history and the Big Dance mix to form an even more intoxicating brew:

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10 Iconic Movie Sets Starring ... The Antiquities Act

(0) Comments | Posted February 19, 2015 | 11:30 AM

Written by Denise Ryan, Director of Public Lands Policy

An R2-D2 character visits Death Valley (also known as the planet Tatooine in "Star Wars"). Credit: Alyse & Remi, Flickr
An R2-D2 figure visits Death Valley National Park (also known as...

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This February, Heart Bomb the Historic Place You Love Most

(0) Comments | Posted February 5, 2015 | 3:15 PM

Showing the Colorado County Courthouse in Texas some love, February 2013.
Showing the Colorado County Courthouse in Texas some love, February 2013.

"Preservation" can sometimes come across as a complicated or academic process, but the truth is much simpler. At...

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Historic Places as Sites of Conscience: Shockoe Bottom's Potential to Change Society

(0) Comments | Posted January 20, 2015 | 1:19 PM

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By Rob Nieweg, Field Director, and Brent Leggs, Senior Field Officer

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The National Trust for Historic Preservation and Preservation Virginia convened local leaders and historians...

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How We Can Achieve a More Inclusive History

(0) Comments | Posted January 16, 2015 | 12:37 PM

By Stephanie Meeks and Marita Rivero

As Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. well understood, history is the story we use to explain ourselves and define our community, so we had better get it right. This long weekend, as we reflect on his life and legacy, we also renew our dedication...

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A Letter from Lupita: Why Shockoe Bottom Deserves - and Demands - Protection

(5) Comments | Posted January 15, 2015 | 5:54 PM

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Written by Erica Stewart, Manager, Public Affairs

Shockoe Bottom in downtown Richmond, Virginia, was once the second-largest slave trading site in the country. Today, it is mostly a patchwork of vacant lots and surface parking.

This...

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The Houses of Louis Kahn: Where Are They Now?

(0) Comments | Posted January 8, 2015 | 5:17 PM

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The Esherick House in Philadelphia

In the Winter 2015 issue of Preservation magazine, Modernism-loving managing editor Meghan Drueding brings us the story of Bianca Sforni and Charles Firmin-Didot, a...

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