The APA now finds itself in a position similar to that of Herman Melville's Billy Budd. Rather than exuding goodness, the association exhibited naivete. Billy Budd's naive innocence was a fault, not a virtue, and he was corrupted by evil because he failed to recognize it when it stared him in the face.
What shocks me is how shocked my professional community suddenly seems to be, since much of the information in the Hoffman report has been available to the public for many years, thanks to the ceaseless work of activist psychologists like Steven Reisner, Stephen Soldz, and Jean Maria Arrigo, who first blew the whistle on the APA's cover up back in 2006.
At this point we all know that, in President Obama's words, "We tortured some folks." The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence's report on the CIA's rendition, detention, and interrogation program revealed shocking abuses that went far beyond even the torture that the administration had authorized.
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