A great deal of money is being made from our nutritional confusion. Even worse, the government created these guidelines in much the same way it creates laws: by listening to lobbyists and by making compromises.
Memorizing this list isn't important. It is important to know that any form of caloric sweetener harms our health and leads to weight gain. Put differently, our body does not care where sweetener calories come from.
Both approaches can get you to "the other side." But counting calories is like frantically zigzaging through a minefield. Eating more and exercising less -- but smarter -- is as natural and low key as strolling through a meadow.