My thesis is that homophobia -- or heterosexism -- exits in the African-American community because of its strict adherence to religious traditions and norms. Consequently, such homophobia appears in the community's literature, arts and culture.
In the nineteenth century, one way to measure whiteness was in distance from blackness -- and so it was with the Mormons. Over the course of the nineteenth century, they moved away from their own black converts toward whiteness.
In the midst of the prayers, vigils and misguided national calls for forgiveness, theodicy's question of the ages resounds--if God(s) exists why does he/she/it permit unspeakable evil like the white terrorist massacre at Emanuel AME church?