One of the most devastating effects of the Bosnian War is its legacy in the country's schooling practices: specifically, the divided school, or, "two schools under one roof" system in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH). Under this set-up, students of differing ethnicities are kept completely separate throughout their education.
When the agreement was drafted, it was assumed that once the wounds of the traumatic wars had healed, citizens and institutions of BiH would be ready to put their civil identity before their ethnic identity. In actuality, this hopeful ideal was impossible from the moment of adoption of the Constitution of BiH as the integral part of DPA.
The lessons from Bosnia shaped responses to Rwanda, Kosovo, Macedonia, Cyprus, East Timor and the conflicts in the South Caucasus and the Middle East. In effect, the international community -- the Western one at least -- learned that stopping a war is hard enough; rebuilding a functional country is nearly impossible.
As nationalism may seduce the masses, so may vanity have the same effect upon individual diplomats engaged in conflict resolution. While some may debate what strategic interests, conspiracies or prejudices are at play in motivating policy, too frequently it may be the egos of the personalities involved.
Whether there was acquiescence or complicity before or after the fact of the fall of Srebrenica, Washington pivoted its policy toward satisfying Milosevic's territorial demands. The mythology of peace in BiH continues to be dominated by tales of age-old hatreds as well as ethnic chauvinist politics.