New York City's specialized high schools, all unionized public schools, are some of the leading academic institutions of their kind anywhere. However, the current admissions process is shortchanging people of color, among others.
The impact of Bloomberg, Gates, Bush, and Obama policies on school segregation can be seen in the New York City neighborhoods of Harlem and Central Brooklyn. Since 2000, demographics in central Harlem have shifted dramatically.
The recent decision by the United States Supreme Court to revisit "affirmative action" in college admissions leads me to the observation that the advantages of diversity in higher education could be applied as well to the specialized high schools in New York City.