The global debate has focused on the rising inequality across individuals. But a different form of inequality has emerged in China -- the inequality between the household on the one hand, and the corporate sector and government on the other. For decades, China has been one of the fastest growing countries in the world, lifting hundreds of millions of people out of poverty. At a time when industrialized economies have seen greater inequality within countries, China's accumulation of wealth has contributed to a significant decline in global inequality. But exactly how much of the benefits of that growth has accrued to its rightful owners -- the Chinese households, the bedrock of society? Thus, the most pressing challenge for China's economic model is to release greater resources available for households.