Second, the decision to award the prize to Santos despite the peace deal's narrow defeat in the October 2 referendum came as a surprise to many. But the Nobel Committee has frequently used the prize to not only honor past achievements, but also spur parties to redouble their efforts to secure peace.
Colombia is in the midst of historic peace talks. Many difficult challenges have been addressed, but a number of thorny issues are still on the table. A key point left to be settled is that of criminal accountability for the most serious crimes committed during the country's 50-year internal armed conflict.