In other words, there's no guarantee that the 12-member commission, equally split among Democrats, Republicans, and independents, would have any real power. Instead, it could all go to the researchers and the judges.
Although there were numerous investigations into the supposed causes of the Flash Crash, including by Congress, the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodities Futures Trading Commission, none have been very convincing. Those lingering doubts have now been disturbingly confirmed.
Few enough artists think that dealers are fully justified in charging a 50 percent commission on gallery sales, but most accept it as just the way things are done. Still, the commission may strike some artists as less fair than others.
On the Friday before Labor Day -- in the form of an age-old "Friday News Dump" -- the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) handed a permit to Enbridge, the tar sands-carrying corporate pipeline giant, to open a tar sands-by-rail facility in Flanagan, Ill. by early-2016.