When I met Jamie Walker in 1990, she was a specialist in mediation and conflict resolution. She worked in this capacity from her home in West Berlin, becoming involved in the peace movement, doing violence-prevention work in the school system, and eventually pioneering efforts in mediating cross-border family conflicts.
I'll never forget the day my boss decided to tidy his desk. I was 25 years old, and an associate headhunter in a boutique firm in the City of London, focusing on the commodity markets. We were a team of four, known to be good at what we did, and it took a lot of meticulously hard work and investigation to carry out our research.
The key to untangling this mess and creating a series of tactical and strategic responses is to understand one basic truth: There are spirals of violence here that come from below, from the street, and spirals that come from above, from the state. Responses by citizens must undercut the violent spiral and address separately the state and the street.