Erdoğan is restructuring Turkish institutions, from the military to schools to the media, in ways that will support whatever moves he chooses to make. His long-term intentions - the ends toward which he is restructuring Turkish institutions - are unclear.
Democracy in Turkey has in the past been interrupted by a military intervention in 1960, a "half coup" in 1971, a military takeover in 1980 and "postmodern coup d'etat" in 1997, although this latest attempt was like nothing experienced in Turkey to date.
If you are following the news of political turmoil in Brazil, it may be difficult to get a grasp of what is really going on. This often happens when there is an attempted coup in the Western Hemisphere, and especially when the U.S. government has an interest in the outcome.
A coup d'establishment is an imaginary coup d'etat challenging a country's political leadership. As such it belongs in the realm of fiction and is nothing but an announcement of duel launched to a country's executive power.
The Thai junta is using the lèse majesté law to conceal their own corrupt acts. Since the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) fomented a coup and seized power on 22 May 2014, there has been an increasingly draconian constriction of freedom of expression and civil and political rights.
In the early '70s, Chile was in a state of political unrest -- its socialist president Salvador Allende and largely conservative congress were at odds, and by June 1973, the Chilean Armed Forces were plotting against the Allende government.
Kenya of the late 80's was essentially a single-party state, with the president holding almost complete control. President Moi ruled from 1978 through 2002 and worked to crush movements among academics to initiate democratic reforms.
The small Western African country of Benin (formerly Dahomey) has had a turbulent post-colonial history. Since gaining independence from the French in 1960, the country has experienced various forms of government, coups, periods of military rule and ethnic strife.
On April 25, 1974, Portugal experienced a coup like no other. In an era characterized by the clash of ideologies and power players, the nearly bloodless revolution became known as the Carnation Revolution.
Beginning in January 1953, the U.S. and Britain agreed to work together toward Mosaddegh's removal. The plot, known as Operation Ajax, centered on convincing Iran's monarch to issue a decree to dismiss Mossadegh from office.
On June 24, 2015, we went to the police station, but to file a complaint of brutality rather than respond to the summons against us. At last, our powerless bare hands which had been unable to shake the junta's power began to cause them worry.
On Saturday morning, the local Caracas TV stations captured our attention with footage of a daring escape by a rebel pilot, who ejected from his plane seconds before a fiery crash at La Carlota military airport.
There's no reason for coups to have such enduring appeal. Like those recurring bouts of malaria, they often lead to nothing but more coups. Treating the fever is not enough. We have to look at the underlying infection of the body politic.
Call me naive, but I do not believe President Obama wants to see President Maduro overthrown. But there's another US "government," a secret network that works tirelessly to undermine any Latin American threat to the dominance of American capital and military power.
All who forced the government to shut down have violated the very systems of government they were elected to protect. They have turned governance against itself and caused it to implode into anarchy, which goes far beyond civil disobedience and into the realm of a coup d'etat.