And with this simple, beautiful illustration of Joy finally understanding the role of Sadness in "Inside Out," I fully understood the focus on embracing failure within "Creativity Inc." Failure is to learning as Sadness is to Joy. We don't want to spend the majority of our time experiencing failure, but it plays a vital role in our life and our growing understanding of the world around us. And like Joy's attempt at minimizing Sadness, many of us parents minimize our children's risks because we lack understanding of its role in learning, we are robbing our children of the opportunity to fail.
As the State Legislature debates its role in public education, employee benefits should be part of the conversation. Until these high growth rates are curbed, benefits will consume an ever greater share of school budgets, and schools will be unable to fund investments essential to improving quality and outcomes for students.
The term "Dark Ages" comes from the Latin saeculum obscurum, first used to describe the Medieval Period by Cesare Baronius in 1602. Like most intellectuals of his day, he regarded the Medieval Period -- roughly 500-1500 AD -- as a period of darkness and obscurity, largely due to the (in his day) relative lack of documentary sources from which a historian could work.