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Evidence

Accountability and Evidence

Robert E. Slavin | Posted 03.26.2015 | Education
Robert E. Slavin

The way we can find out what works is to compare schools or classrooms assigned to use any given program with those that continue current practices. Ideally, schools and classrooms are assigned at random to experimental or control groups. That's how we find out what works in medicine, agriculture, technology, and other areas.

Pi and Science, Sense and Cake

David Katz, M.D. | Posted 03.17.2015 | Healthy Living
David Katz, M.D.

When the beverage industry, for instance, helpfully points out that no long-term, randomized trial has specifically implicated their sugary concoction in epidemic childhood obesity, we might consider that no such trial has ever implicated any given snowflake in an avalanche fatality, either. Perhaps avalanches are actually innocuous.

Social Spending Innovation Research

Robert E. Slavin | Posted 03.01.2015 | Education
Robert E. Slavin

From its earliest days, innovation has been the lifeblood of the American economy. When Americans face problems, they innovate to find solutions. Innovation is how America solves problems. We need to find every way we can to help innovators solve the serious problems we face in education.

We're Fat And Sick And The Broccoli Did It!

David Katz, M.D. | Posted 02.24.2015 | Healthy Living
David Katz, M.D.

It's no big surprise that someone untrained in research methods would tell us all what the research really means and why the scientists on this committee -- all trained to do research and interpret it -- are just a bunch of hacks. But that the New York Times would allocate its imprimatur and rarefied real estate to an infomercial masquerading as an Op-Ed is a lamentably disappointing surprise.

Paleo for a Shrinking Planet?

David Katz, M.D. | Posted 02.19.2015 | Healthy Living
David Katz, M.D.

While many do, no one can say that a Paleo diet is best for health on the basis of truly robust evidence. But no one can say it isn't, either.

Cholesterol, Unscrambled

David Katz, M.D. | Posted 02.17.2015 | Healthy Living
David Katz, M.D.

Whether adding eggs to your diet will confer benefit, harm, or neither, almost certainly depends on what you are now eating instead of eggs, and what eggs would be displacing.

Investing in Innovation: Informing Local Control

Robert E. Slavin | Posted 02.12.2015 | Education
Robert E. Slavin

The new Congress is working on alternative versions of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Republican proposals have a strong emphasis on getting the federal government out of what they believe should be local decisions. Unfortunately, the Republican bill in the House of Representatives takes out a critical support for local control: Investing in Innovation (i3).

Fund What Works!

Robert E. Slavin | Posted 02.05.2015 | Education
Robert E. Slavin

President Obama's recently released budget may or may not make its way into law, but it has already made its way into the hearts of those who believe that government programs must be held to account for producing the outcomes they are intended to produce. Red or blue, everyone should want government dollars to make a difference.

Are Your Computer Business Records Admissible Evidence at Trial?

Brad Reid | Posted 01.30.2015 | Business
Brad Reid

While the precise requirements may vary somewhat from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, it is noteworthy that businesses and their legal counsel should not take for granted the admissibly in evidence at trial of business records.

Holism, Holes and Poles

David Katz, M.D. | Posted 03.09.2015 | Healthy Living
David Katz, M.D.

The trouble with holistic medicine, or integrative medicine, is less the holes that can be poked in it by self-proclaimed sentinels of evidence, and more our prevailing tendency to gravitate to diametric poles. The best way forward is the road less traveled, which lies, as it often does, in the middle.

To Achieve Big Results From Social Policy, Add This

Lisbeth (Lee) Schorr | Posted 03.23.2015 | Politics
Lisbeth (Lee) Schorr

The growing chasm between unmet social needs and what our social institutions are routinely accomplishing cannot be crossed one small step, or one standardized program, at a time. Something shown to have worked somewhere will not automatically produce the same effects elsewhere.

Examining The Annual Exam

David Katz, M.D. | Posted 03.17.2015 | Healthy Living
David Katz, M.D.

In last week's New York Times, Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel suggested that this year's resolution might be to abandon the ritual of your annual physical. The title of his column, perhaps chosen by an editor to maximize glibness and thus provocation was: "Skip your annual physical." But permit me to suggest you don't commit to that just yet. The annual physical exam warrants some more examination, a defense to follow its prosecution.

Collect the Learning Evidence

Naphtali Hoff | Posted 03.16.2015 | Education
Naphtali Hoff

Good educators know that evidence gathering is a central component of their craft. Perhaps they don't use the term "evidence" to describe what they search for, preferring instead "testing" or other assessment-related jargon.

Why The Whole Family Benefits When Kids Believe In Santa

Jacqueline Woolley | Posted 02.15.2015 | Parents
Jacqueline Woolley

Children are empowered by feeling that they have figured it out by themselves. Upon making the discovery, they become part of the adult world; they are "in on the secret" and can derive even more emotional benefit by being given a role in keeping the myth alive for their younger siblings.

Getting the Facts Right About the Ferguson Grand Jury Decision

Nancy Leong | Posted 01.28.2015 | Politics
Nancy Leong

As we discuss and debate the grand jury's decision not to indict Darren Wilson, we'll inevitably have differences of opinion -- some slight; some extreme. But we owe it to one another to ensure that our opinions are founded on a correct understanding of the underlying facts.

I Challenge You to Read All the Ferguson Evidence From Both Sides

Sarah Cunningham | Posted 01.26.2015 | Politics
Sarah Cunningham

Before I say anything, I decided to challenge myself. To read ALL of the evidence, testimony, and legal arguments presented by both sides in the Ferguson case. So today I'm reading.

Questions From Ferguson

Peter Van Buren | Posted 01.25.2015 | Crime
Peter Van Buren

Why did the grand jury take it upon themselves to sort out the witness conclusively? The point of a grand jury is only to determine if probable cause of a crime, a very low legal hurdle, exists. If it does, they return an indictment and the case goes to trial for resolution.

Design, Intelligent Or Otherwise, In Real Time

David Katz, M.D. | Posted 12.07.2014 | Healthy Living
David Katz, M.D.

Now that Ebola is here, it has captured the attention it arguably deserved from us long ago. The latest news is that the patient first diagnosed in the U.S. is in critical condition, and receiving experimental therapy. Lapses in our public health system have been acknowledged, and a scramble to contain the damage, and prevent spread, are playing out as we look on, and worry.

Unfortunately, Reviews on Yelp Cannot Be Relied Upon for Vetting Purposes

Mark Baer | Posted 11.27.2014 | Business
Mark Baer

I would be highly suspect in relying upon Yelp reviews in the future. I wish this were not true because it just makes it that much more difficult and confusing for customers to locate "real evidence" that is so essential to properly vet products and services.

Lifestyle Medicine and the Parable of the Tiny Parachute

David Katz, M.D. | Posted 09.16.2014 | Healthy Living
David Katz, M.D.

A commentary was published last month on the blog site of the prestigious British Medical Journal telling us, in essence, that lifestyle medicine is ineffective. Specifically, it said that screening for chronic disease risk factors in the general population, and addressing them with lifestyle counseling in the clinical setting, is of no value.

Data Is Key to Improving Outcomes for Students With Special Needs

Michele Jolin | Posted 09.10.2014 | Education
Michele Jolin

For far too long, we as a nation have set unnecessarily low education expectations for students with special needs, limiting their choices and opportunities for success.

God in Big History (VIDEOS): Factual Faith, Sacred Realism

Rev. Michael Dowd | Posted 09.04.2014 | Religion
Rev. Michael Dowd

Big History is humanity's first and only creation story derived from global collective learning. While secular, it nevertheless reveals a way of thinking and speaking about God that is undeniably and inescapably real.

The Fate of Front-of-Pack Labeling That Actually Works

David Katz, M.D. | Posted 08.27.2014 | Healthy Living
David Katz, M.D.

News came in the past week that the front-of-pack nutrition guidance program offered by Canada's Heart and Stroke Foundation, presented as a seal of approval in the form of a check mark, was being decommissioned. With all due respect to my friends at the Foundation, and the good intentions that brought the system into existence -- good riddance to it.

Tweets Are Evidence in Court

Brad Reid | Posted 08.17.2014 | Media
Brad Reid

Most individuals understand that email does not disappear when delete is clicked. Email is valuable evidence in many forms of litigation including discrimination lawsuits. Consider a tweet as an email related form of evidence in judicial proceedings and act accordingly.

Woman Sues Employer for Premature Birth

Spencer Aronfeld | Posted 08.13.2014 | Miami
Spencer Aronfeld

A significant shift in the law has just made it more difficult for the injured to get justice in Florida. The change occurred quietly when Florida's Third District Court of Appeal affirmed the dismissal of the personal injury case of Maria Franco Perez, a Miami woman who brought suit against her employer alleging that her stress level at work caused her to give birth 20 weeks early.