On February 2, 1982, Syrian troops -- acting under the orders of then-President Hafez al-Assad and led by his brother, Rifaat al-Assad -- besieged the city of Hama in an effort to quell an anti-government uprising by the Muslim Brotherhood.
A prominent scholar of architecture and urbanism, and a practicing architect, Sarkis weighs in on his new position and how the geopolitics of today may influence our thinking towards looking at how the world is becoming one city.
In violent conflicts, parties to the conflict are always under pressure to ceasefire. Ceasefire agreements tend to have different formats but there are two basic requirements that successful long-term ceasefires require.
Palestinians have fought in Syria on behalf of both the regime and the rebels. The conflict has deepened ideological and political wedges between Palestinians and complicated their patchwork of international alliances.
Satellite imagery, witness statements, and video and photographic evidence show that Syrian authorities deliberately and unlawfully demolished thousands of residential buildings in Damascus and Hama in 2012 and 2013.
Eventually, Assad or his sons must renounce power; history teaches that no repressive regime lasts forever. But how long until this family falls? How long until "might makes right" is replaced by morality, until the pen and law and human decency really do triumph over the sword?
It is extremely difficult to decipher who has taken up arms against each other inside the war-torn nation. But after several months of assessing the situation, a murky, violent and terrifying picture is emerging of who is engaged in the fighting for and against the Assad regime.
All of Putin's bold defiance on behalf of the Assad regime is another wake-up call for this administration that he is determined to "re-reset" U.S.-Russian relations, and face down anyone who stands in the way of Russia reasserting its position in the Middle East.
An absence of imaginative, strategic diplomacy as the year-long crisis in Syria unfolded has caught the U.S. with dwindling options as the oxymoronic UN ceasefire collapses. Consequences abound as a result for U.S. interests across the region.