The goals of a free-range parent are the same as those of most parents: to raise their kids to cope successfully with life, and if possible, be outrageously happy. Humans have been debating how to get your kid to be a successful adult since we began to speak. For free-range parents, the answer is autonomy and responsibility -- early and often.
You've heard the critiques of so-called "helicopter parents" who can't stay away from their kids, smothering them with so much love and attention that they never develop self-reliance. Narcissistic, dependent, and unable to strike out on their own, your over-loved children expect everyone to wait on them hand and foot.
Although it's not always easy to walk away when your doe-eyed child is pleading with you to do something for him or her, helicopter parenting is just not a good thing. You may not want to see your kid fail. But adversity is part of life and the only way to teach our children coping skills is to make them do things for themselves.