The culture of poverty, i.e., the environment, institutions, individual behaviors, policies and practices of poverty in the U.S., have affected those who experience poverty as well as those who are observers to its conditions.
The point which both political parties miss is that poor people are not a homogeneous group. They don't all require coddling, nor do they all deserve a kick in the backside. People are poor for different reasons.
The error of the protagonist of the Parable of the Fool was not only to imagine that his life and security could be found in affluence, but that his things actually belonged to him, that he actually owned them.
If human empathy works best in one-to-one connections between the individual with resources and the individual in need, then we need to work harder than ever before to bring those one-to-one connections all over the world.