Now, with clean diesel exposed as an oxymoron, VW has an enormous challenge - how to catch up with arch rivals like Toyota which led on hybrids and electrification, while incurring potential enormous fines and a savaged brand value.
Rjukan lies at the bottom of a narrow east-west valley called the Vestfjord, and the view south is dominated by an imposing mile-high peak, Gaustatoppen. From September 28 to March 12 every year, the Norwegian sun sinks so low in the sky that Rjukan lies in perpetual shadow.
Farmers and other Ag and business people on the Big Island are in disbelief - to put it mildly - that Mayor Kenoi signed Bill 113, the anti-GMO bill, last week, without first putting together a group to research the science and investigate the serious, unintended consequences we know will result.
A mere 46 years ago, the federal government orchestrated a series of events, , which included the forcible relocation of Native Americans. The U.S. government now has a chance to at least partially right these wrongs.