Its success or failure depends largely on the extent to which Iran will, in fact, comply with its various provisions. The more important question is, will it lead to a permanent accord that will prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons?
Iran is located in the middle of a region which is on the edge of conflagration. A destabilization of the regime would not only undermine the stability of its power; it would also put the Iranian nation at stake and potentially collapse the regional balances of power.
If there is one Obama foreign policy marked by disappointing diplomatic zigzags, hesitation, and potential danger to U.S strategic interests in the Middle East, it is what has passed as U.S. policy toward the Syrian civil uprising.
Whether Tuesday's salacious indictment leads to Iranian officials and Hezbollah as the federal indictment alleges remains to be seen. Given Iran's well-known and well-feared record of penetration in Latin America, there is plenty of smoke to hide the real fire.
If the current trajectory of Syrian street protests continue at their current, bloody pace, last Friday may be remembered as the epic day Syria's Assad dictatorial dynasty began a fateful, accelerating process of unraveling.
Iran's government has enormous repressive powers at its fingertips, from the million-member Basij militia to the powerful Revolutionary Guard and the secret police. But its centers of power are hardly united.