China's continuous rise and China's active strategic engagement with South Korea are increasingly challenging the basis of the U.S.-Japan-South Korea cooperative triangle in Northeast Asia. South Korea, on its part, is also upgrading its cooperation with China on economic partnership, a political dialogue (to persuade North Korea to renounce its nuclear ambition) and on the historical posture vis-a-vis Japan.
As anchored in the UN Charter, the founding fathers of the UN expressed their determination to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war and reaffirmed the faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person. Based on this spirit, continuous efforts have been placed to promote human rights and democracy across the world since the inception of the United Nations. This is the right path into the future. However, we have to recognize the daunting challenge ahead of us on this journey. This is why the Human Rights Council must play a central role to ensure the success for mainstreaming human rights in the United Nations.