Retro-cycles are now a normal part of pop culture and have been for sometime. It is well documented that it's traced to the emergence of 1950's youth culture and their post WWII expendable income. You wait 20 years and there it is again. Lately Tupac and Kurt Cobian are commonplace, but you see that already.
There is another aspect to the origin story of contemporary mass surveillance in the US: Resistance. While most "phone phreaks" and telephone enthusiasts were unaware of AT&T's Top Secret Project Greenstar, there was enough general contempt for the phone company's monopoly to trigger a viable resistance movement that had been percolating within the 1960s counterculture.