Two years after Sandy, few people in Manhattan are thinking about Sandy. If they are, it is like a bad dream, easily shaken off. But the nightmare continues for many in Staten Island, as I saw for myself on a recent rainy morning.
In 2007, a financial firestorm ravaged Wall Street and the rest of the country. In 2012, Hurricane Sandy obliterated a substantial chunk of the Atlantic seaboard. We think of the first as a man-made calamity, the second as the malignant innocence of nature.
How should we approach the reconstruction and restoration? We must first answer the question of how we can help both the people and the bay they live on prepare for, withstand and emerge stronger from an acute crisis like Sandy. Five key steps could help to accomplish this goal.