We know breast milk is the best source of nutrition for all newborns, regardless of where they live. While global breastfeeding rates are lower than they should be, and have remained stubbornly flat, some countries--particularly in Latin America--have instituted progressive policies to support mothers, leading to higher breastfeeding rates.
Juniper was born in October 2014 at a hospital in rural Utah. Just three days earlier, the hospital had started using FedEx to ship newborn screening samples overnight to Utah's state lab. Previously, they used regular mail, which meant some babies blood samples took more than five days to get to the lab.
Of the 3 million babies the world loses every year in their first month of life, 99 percent are in the developing world, meaning this is simply an issue of poverty and lack of resources. The weeks following birth are an incredibly vulnerable time, but astoundingly 2 million newborns could be saved with a few low-cost measures.
Newborn health is inextricably connected to maternal health. Similarly to maternal mortality, preventable diseases are the major causes of under-five deaths. Inadequate nutrition, limited access to clean water and poor healthcare infrastructures lead to the spread of preventable infectious diseases.