I first heard about 'hikikomori' on a visit to Japan 25 years ago. It was a new term then, used to describe severe and prolonged school refusal in teenagers, sometimes evolving into complete social withdrawal.
We are ADHD in kids and giving many of them stimulant drugs they don't need. Some kids, especially boys, are more active than others; most of what passes for ADHD these days is really no more than normal variation or developmental difference.
Professionals know that there is no magic formula for "fixing" ADHD, and that active management is key for long-term success. Let's share that little secret with parents, shall we? The futures of their children are at stake.