Another country is seeking to define its own national identity: Ukraine. Like Poland, Kiev has not had the brightest record when it comes to the local Jewish population. Though anti-Semitism has been over-hyped and exaggerated in the country, Ukraine has much to answer for.
One of the few authors who wrote primarily in Yiddish, Sholem Aleichem became the most famous literary figure of that language. His fame as a writer grew only after his death, spurred in part by the popularity of Fiddler on the Roof, based on Aleichem's writing.