It is unfortunate that the world, particularly India, has not come together on the issue of poverty as it has on climate change. The two are interlinked. Therefore, I would urge India to keep in mind two questions when formulating the country's INDCs. Do our INDCs reflect our commitment to reduce carbon emissions with a view toward reducing poverty?
Indigenous people are, by definition, outsiders, due to their geographic and political remoteness. They make up about 5 percent of the world's population and anywhere from 10 percent to 30 percent of the world's poorest people. Yet they hold the vital knowledge of generations on how to live with nature and be in balance and harmony with the natural world.
The pope understands that climate change is a humanitarian crisis that threatens the entire human community, especially the poor and most vulnerable among us. This summer he will release an encyclical -- one of the highest forms of Catholic teachings -- on climate change. It is expected to link protecting the environment to fighting global inequality.
Kazakhstan can offer a much more visible contribution to international peace and prosperity. This country needs to be called upon to play a stronger and more active role in the mediation of interests between the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (E.U.), on one side, and Russia and the Middle East, on the other.