Republicans seized control of the House of Representatives, pounding Democrats in states throughout the South, Midwest and Northeast, but the raging red wave that swept across the country crashed against the Sierra Nevada and washed back, as California voters rejected Meg Whitman for governor and Carly Fiorina for U.S. Senate.
The victories of Democrats Jerry Brown and Barbara Boxer in the nation's largest and most diverse state -with an electorate that is increasingly younger, more Latino and more non-partisan -- represented a counterpoint to the Beltway notion that America is in the throes of a massive and structural shift to the ideological right.
As of midnight, when Calbuzz first posted this report based on exit polling and partial vote counts, neither Whitman nor Fiorina had yet conceded. But as Brown told his supporters at the Fox Theater in Oakland: "They haven't got all the votes in yet but hell, it's good enough for government work. So it looks like I'm going back again." (Whitman conceded a few minutes after midnight.)
Despite the most expensive race ever run in any state, Whitman, 54, the former CEO of eBay with the platinum resume and gold-plated consultancy was unable to overcome a crusty, former two-term governor who, at 72, will be twice the age he was when first elected in 1974. At the last accounting, eMeg had spent more than $160 million, including $142 million of her own fortune, while Krusty the General had raised $32 million, supplemented by $25 million spent on his behalf by labor and other Democratic interests.
With his bare-bones staff and his flinty resolve not to start spending money until after Labor Day, Brown accomplished the one political challenge that eluded his father, the late Edmund G. "Pat" Brown -- a third term. Pat Brown lost an attempt for a third term to a political newcomer in 1966: Ronald Reagan. (Term limits were adopted after Jerry Brown had already served twice.)
Brown's "knowledge and know-how to get California working again" proved a compelling argument to voters who saw in the Attorney General and former mayor of Oakland, a candidate with both a hard head and a soft heart. Whitman, who fired her illegal immigrant housekeeper and ran a relentless barrage of negative ads against her opponents, was seen as hard-headed but hard-hearted, too.
Speaking to supporters Tuesday night before Whitman had conceded, Brown talked about the impulses, honed in his long-ago training to be a Jesuit priest and his study of theology, that drives him back to Sacramento.
"I take as my challenge forging a common purpose, but a common purpose based not just on compromise but on a vision of what California can be . . . We're all God's children and while I'm really into this politics thing I still carry with me my sense of kind of that missionary zeal to transform the world and that's always been a part of what I do," he said. "So I understand the political part but I also understand what it's all about - the vision. And I'm hoping and I'm praying that this breakdown that's gone on for so many years in the state capital and we're watching it in Washington - that the breakdown paves the way for a breakthrough."
And Fiorina, 56, who clutched as tightly as she could to the same policies and politics that carried conservative Republicans to victory in smaller states, was unable to dislodge 69-year-old Boxer, one of the most durable liberals in the Senate.
"The Giants beat the Texas Rangers and we beat the Texas polluters tonight," Boxer told her supporters as she claimed victory before the final votes were tallied.
Certainly, the elevation of Tea Party favorites like Senator-elect Rand Paul in Kentucky - who said we are "enslaved by debt" and will have the singular power to plunge the world economy into darkness by filibustering raising of the U.S. debt ceiling limit - is a resounding victory for the conservative wing of the Republican Party.
But the anger propelling the Tea Party is less a positive vote for any Republican agenda than it is a vote to punish President Obama and the Democrats for the perceived failure to bring about the change they promised in 2008. It's a vote to "just say no."
Whether the new members of Congress and the Senate -- which remains under Democratic control -- will be rewarded for obstructionism or not remains uncertain. But as they seek re-election, Obama and the Democrats will now have the recalcitrant Republicans to blame for gridlock in Washington - an argument that Bill Clinton and his party made in 1996 with considerable success after their losses two years earlier.
The biggest loser among California Democrats, of course, is soon-to-be-former Speaker Nancy Pelosi of San Francisco, who oversaw a crushing defeat that cost her the leadership mantle she had historically claimed in another mid-term just four years ago. Along with her, House committee chairs like Representatives Howard Berman and Henry Waxman were reduced to minority status by the Republican sweep that rolled through other states.
On the other hand, Southern California Republican Congressmen Darrell Issa, Buck McKeon and Jerry Lewis are in line to become chairmen of powerful committees in the House under speaker-presumptive John Boehner of Ohio. Issa, the conservative car-alarm magnate who lost the GOP nomination for Senate in 1998 and who has dedicated himself to opposing Obama and his policies, was all over TV Tuesday night promising a new era in Congress.
The weepy Boehner along with Eric Cantor of Virginia, Issa and other triumphant Republicans spoke over and over Tuesday night about "the message sent by the American people." Apparently Californians, who represent one-eighth of the nation's population, aren't included among the American people.
Democrats in California and their progressive allies also won two important victories by rejecting Prop. 23, which would have overturned the state's ground-breaking law to roll black greenhouse gas emissions and by approving Prop. 25, which will reduce to a majority, from two-thirds, the vote required in the Legislature to approve the California budget. These represented huge political statements by the voters on behalf of the environment and in favor of streamlining the budget process in Sacramento.
As expected, Prop. 19, the measure to legalize personal use of marijuana, went up in smoke.
Although Democrats and their progressive allies did not carry every office or measure, the Brown win at the top of the ticket, which came despite high unemployment and despair about the direction of the state, suggested that voters have grown tired, at least for now, of divided government in Sacramento as they rejected Whitman's mirror-image candidacy of Arnold Schwarzenegger's just four years ago.
The only Republican statewide candidate who appeared headed for victory early Wednesday morning was Steve Cooley who was slightly ahead of Kamala Harris in the race for Attorney General. Gavin Newsom was well ahead of Abel Maldonado in the race for Lieutenant Governor; Debra Bowen was crushing Damon Dunn in the race for Secretary of State; John Chiang was way ahead of Tony Strickland in the race for Controller; Bill Lockyer was cruising to victory over Mimi Walters in the race for Treasurer, and Dave Jones was crushing Mike Villines in the race for Insurance Commissioner.