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What Are the Jumps in Figure Skating?

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This question originally appeared on Quora.

Answer by Tanya Zyabkina,

Main jumps in the order of generally accepted difficulty. Additional information for skaters rotating counter-clockwise and landing on the right foot.

1. Toe loop.  Left foot toe takeoff. Classic entry going forward with a three-turn on the right foot.
2. Salchow. Left foot edge takeoff. Classic entry going backward, with a three-turn on the left foot.
3. Loop. Right foot edge takeoff. Classic entry going backward, no three-turn.
4. Flip. Right foot toe takeoff. Classic entry going forward with a three-turn on the left foot.
5. Lutz. Right foot toe takeoff. Classic entry going backward, entering on the left foot, no three-turn.
6. Axel. Forward left foot edge takeoff. Classic entry going backward, stepping forward with no three-turn.

All jumps except Axel take off going backward. Axel is the most difficult jump partially because of the forward entry, but mainly because it has an additional half-revolution. So, a double Axel is actually 2.5 revolutions.

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