Four years after Hurricane Katrina tore through the
Mississippi Gulf Coast, rebuilding homes and communities continues at a snail’s
pace. The protection we thought was there to ensure our speedy recovery is the
obstacle that stands in our way: homeowner insurance—both its cost and its
payment, or the lack thereof.
cost of homeowner protection
Along the Mississippi Gulf Coast’s three counties—Hancock,
Harrison, and Jackson, the residential real estate market demonstrates the
ripple effect this insurance crisis is having in our economy and recovery. One
large coastal real estate firm recently informed my office that the number of
residential contracts that fall through at closing has risen dramatically.
Before Katrina, the number was less than 10%. Today, that number has more than
tripled to nearly 1/3 of all contracts. The reason? The skyrocketing cost of
When the bank includes the exorbitant insurance premiums
into the debt-ratio equation for the mortgage loan, an increasing number of
prospective buyers no longer qualify for the loan. This is so prevalent that
coastal realtors are advising potential buyers to shop for insurance before they begin to look for a home.
Commercial insurance rates have also soared for small
business owners. In 2007, the Hancock County Chamber of Commerce reported that
its members had seen an average increase in premiums of 346 percent with the
range between 300 to nearly 670 percent.
Throughout Mississippi’s six most southern counties, major
insurance companies refuse to write new policies. This dumps folks into the
insurer of last resort—the state government wind pool, which has been
subsidized lately with federal taxpayer dollars. Even so, those premiums are
out of reach for many. Local Habitat for Humanity chapters report the cost of
homeowner insurance is more than the mortgage. Often, qualified applicants
become unable to pay for an otherwise affordable home.
From the Gulf Coast state of Texas
Jersey, and New
York, the ever-escalating costs and accessibility of protection have home
and business owners facing daunting prospects for protecting their piece of the
American Dream. The crisis is national.
Were affordability and access to homeowner insurance the
only two problems that would be enough. However, our experience after Katrina
taught us that insurance companies betray our trust to provide the protection
we need after a natural disaster, protection for which we pay those
increasingly skyrocketing premiums.
pay a dime”
Though United States Navy storm modeling reported Hurricane Katrina’s 150 mph winds blew through the Gulf Coast damaging and destroying our
homes for 3-4 hours before water came ashore, insurance companies simply
refused to pay for wind damage.
In a recent case before the Mississippi State Supreme Court, a lawyer for Nationwide Insurance informed the court that if 95% of a home were destroyed by wind and hours later water destroyed the remaining 5%, Nationwide “wouldn’t pay a dime.” Companies like State Farm sent out memos instructing adjusters to blame all the property damage on water and to send the bills to the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), which the American taxpayer subsidizes.
Homeowners were forced to resort to hiring lawyers and
engineers to take legal action against their insurance companies who had
deliberately delayed paying homeowner wind claims—sometimes by years—before
cutting checks that should have been cut within days.
Dollar Homeowner Insurance Industry Bailout
When insurance companies denied homeowner property claims,
they also refused to pay for the cost-of-living expenses like rent that come
with homeowner policies. Instead, the American taxpayers picked up these costs
that the insurance industry should have paid. FEMA trailers alone cost $1.3
billion. Taxpayers also shelled out money for homeowner grants, SBA loans,
rental assistance, and tax credits.
By shifting their corporate costs to the American taxpayers,
insurance companies essentially gave themselves a government bailout to the
tune of billions of dollars while simultaneously posting billions in profits.
The industry posted $44 billion in
2005 and $66 billion in 2006.
The American Homeowner
Private insurance companies leverage our dollars to find
ways to deny us the protection for which we pay good American money. It’s now
time to admit the obvious. Insurance companies fail to protect America’s homeowners.
We can protect American homeowners and do so without cost to
the American taxpayer.
All we have to do is permit homeowners to have the choice of adding wind protection to their federal flood insurance policy. The Congressional Budget
Office has already said we can do this without cost to the American
Through permitting Americans the option of purchasing one
policy for both types of property insurance coverage—wind and water, we protect
American homeowners and remove the opportunity for insurance companies to
defraud the federal taxpayers.
Protecting the 55% of Americans who live within 50 miles of our nation’s beautiful coastlines is the right
course of action.
For more information, visit taylor.house.gov/insurancereform.