In March 2010, some six weeks after the Haiti earthquake, Eric Cesal, regional program manager for Architecture for Humanity, hit the ground running to help rebuild Haiti when streets were blocked with rubble and chaos was the order of the day. He was soon joined by a Diaspora contractor, other volunteers and a couple of Design Fellows a title Architecture for Humanity gives to one-year independent contractors with special architectural skills) to establish a Rebuilding Center in Port-au-Prince. The American Institute of Architects and US Green Building Council joined in a few months later sponsoring a Design Fellow position, which I filled in August of 2010.
Photo: Architecture for Humanity Eric Cesal Regional Program Manager (country director) for Architecture for Humanity on the left, and Yves Francois (contractor) on the right
Our first assignment was to find and rebuild schools, which would be funded through a program called Students Rebuild with matching grants from Bezos Family Foundation and additional funds from Stiller Strong. Five schools were selected and are under construction. This sounds easy but there were challenges at every phase, idea, and decision we tried to implement.
- We budgeted our schools' construction cost, but costs turned out to be generally twice what we expected (close to U.S. prices).
- We developed our drawings as we normally would - including plans, sections and some details, but the contractors were not familiar with detailed drawings such as these and didn't really use them.
- We competitively bid our projects, but because contractors weren't accustomed to reading our drawings or preparing detailed bids, the prices came back varying from80,000 to16 million for the same project.
- We sought official sign-off by the Ministry of Education to allow us to begin construction, but found a reluctance to commit on paper for various reasons which caused serious delays.
- We began construction visiting the site every few days, but we found many construction errors that needed to be torn out and redone (like a foundation).
- We threw our hands in the air, ruminated, cried, paced the office, worked and worked some more. We adjusted, innovated and invented and have overcome nearly every obstacle we've come across by innovating and finding a way around it. It hasn't been easy and it's taken longer than anyone anticipated, but we're making progress. In 18+ months, we've established the Rebuilding Center with a group comprised of a 17 full time staff supported by 20 volunteers comprised of international architects and planners--with nearly half being Haitian nationals or Diaspora producing nearly 50 projects. The Rebuilding Center also has a marketing department, a full time accountant and an economic development arm that will eventually become the primary focus of the organization, owned and staffed by Haitians for the nation of Haiti. Architecture for Humanity is on an eight-year time table in Haiti with a goal of working itself out of a job and leaving behind an economic resource for rebuilding.
Photo: Architecture for Humanity. The Rebuilding Center staff and volunteers November 2011.
My year with Architecture for Humanity in Haiti is finished. I'm writing this from my kitchen counter in South Dakota re-experiencing endless frustrations and an incredible feeling of satisfaction. I will especially miss the Haitian people, those I worked with and those I greeted while walking to the bakery for lunch. The position I left as an American Institute of Architects/LEED AP Architect/Design Fellow
is still open for another year-long contract. Check it out--it's an experience of a lifetime.
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Mary Warner: Dispatches From Haiti
A few months after the earthquake, physiotherapist Mike Landry returned to Haiti to check back in on his patients and help them return home. To this day, rubble still covers the streets of Haiti and it is shocking to see. For someone with mobility issues, it is very difficult to get around.