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Bacterial Multicellularity

Sociobacteriology: Small Cells Talking And Listening -- And How It May Affect You If You Go Under the Knife

James A. Shapiro | Posted 12.16.2012 | Science
James A. Shapiro

In the early 1980s, I was fortunate to observe that lab strain E. coli colonies are organized structures displaying spatially differentiated expression of their genomes. Each colony was a flower. This observation immediately told me that the bacteria grew as interactive populations capable of coordinating their activities.

Cell Cognition and Cell Decision-Making

James A. Shapiro | Posted 05.19.2012 | Science
James A. Shapiro

It is common today for molecular, cell and developmental biologists to speak of cells "knowing" and "choosing" what to do under various conditions.