If you follow USDA recommendations 100% you will be 100% safe and doomed to terrible steaks and lamb chops. And in its effort to make one set of easy to understand rules, the government has oversimplified.
It turns out that Char Siu, even though it sounds like charcoal, is not barbecued, grilled, or smoked. It is roasted in a special oven, usually gas fired. And most of the time it gets its ruddy tone from red food coloring. Sigh.