All in all, it was another tough year for the Pebble Mine. And, in the coming year, look for more of the same. Bristol Bay is no place for large-scale mining, and the Pebble Mine will eventually be stopped. It's only a matter of time.
Pebble Mine is a risk that Anglo American can no longer afford to take. If Anglo American is looking to cut expenses, this is the perfect project to drop. Because local opposition -- and the risks associated with it -- are only increasing.
While it claims independence, Keystone has to concede that its client and financial benefactor is the very partnership that wants to build the Pebble Mine and claims already to have spent over half a billion dollars pursuing it.
After 15 months of study, the agency released in draft form for public comment an extensive scientific assessment of the Bristol Bay watershed undertaken to determine the potential impacts of large-scale mining.
Bristol Bay demonstrates that some places should be left free of industrial development because their natural resource values, and the benefits they provide to people, outstrip short-term development values.
In the Lake and Peninsula Borough, the residents have approved a prohibition against large-scale resource extraction that would destroy or degrade salmon habitat. In a historic result against enormous odds, the Save Our Salmon initiative has prevailed.
Next year, developers plan to apply for permits for the construction of America's largest open-pit copper and gold mine, in the heart of Alaska's most valuable salmon runs. It's not too late for us to stop them if we act now.
Born and still living in the town of Dillingham on the shores of Bristol Bay, Holly's life revolves around the wild salmon fishery and she depends on its protection -- literally. Holly's view of the Pebble Mine? "Self-destruction."