Single fathers -- gay fathers, no less -- seem to be under special scrutiny lest their loving attention veer into unsavory territory. Are we so uncomfortable with male nurturing that we assume something perverse about it?
Every day, somewhere in the world, a girl child struggles to live. In a world that still prefers the value of a male over a female, the girl child is already a miracle if she exists long enough to be born.
Shocking a dog while he is doing something he thinks is fun -- something they've been bred to do for thousands of years -- seems particularly cruel, since it can forever link that pleasurable thing with the fear of an occasional unexpected jolt.