The traditional college transcript is particularly unsuited for this task. It lists the courses completed and how people performed. But it says little about what someone actually learned or what a person knows.
Six years ago, I earned my master's in journalism from the University of Maryland-College Park. From then on, I have been pursuing my lifelong master's degree. This time around, there is no graduation, commencement speech, mortarboard or tassels.
The bottom line is this: Your earnings trajectory will be influenced by a multitude of factors, with the impact of the college from which you receive your bachelor's ranging anywhere from zero to very small.