Yugoslavia fell apart in stages, and violence accompanied each of these stages. To assess these crimes and determine culpability, even as the wars continued to rage, the United Nations established the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in 1993. It was the first war crimes tribunal since the end of World War II.
The Netherlands is in a unique position to assert the rule of law in the case of the Arctic Sunrise, beyond the consideration of the ship's registration. The Netherlands is home to several major international tribunals, including the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court.