Magritte's paintings, while traditional in technique (often oil on canvas), are innovative and witty in concept. Doubling, fragmentation, displacement, and irrational juxtapositions are his favored strategies.
Multi-layered, complex, dreamlike and humanistic, The Refusal of Time is a manifestation, a work of art that seeks to explore ambiguity, to remain unfinished and to avoid the black hole at the end of time.
Americans responded to the art in the Armory Show with excitement, confusion, and dismay. Some members of the press called the exhibition's Gallery I, with its European modernist works, a "Chamber of Horrors."
Every few years somebody discovers the French-American artist Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), connects him with chess and quotes him:"While all artists are not chess players, all chess players are artists."
The 100-year anniversary of the 1913 New York Armory Show on February 17th brings new light to the history of modern art in this country and to the creation of MoMA. The exhibition's goal was to bring before the public art "usually neglected by current shows."
As can be seen in many paintings on view, healthy sibling rivalry often took place around a game of chess, safely transferring brotherly battles to the symbolic realm of the chessboard or painted tableau.