Up to now, ICANN -- although a non-profit organization -- is acting on behalf of the U.S. Department of Commerce and therefore the U.S. government: the same government that authorized the NSA to spy on more or less everyone who is connected to the Internet. Consequently, countries such as China and Russia, but also Brazil, India, South Africa and many developing countries are demanding more say in the governance of the Internet and ICANN.
The challenger countries will once again try, as they did last December in Dubai, to wrest control from the coalition of stakeholders that has been governing the Internet under a contract with the U.S. government. If they succeed it will be the end of the world as we know it. There will be no Internet. There will be many nets: ChinaNet, Euronet, maybe Deutsche Net and France net and Brazil Net and Russia Net. It will resemble the world before the Internet with many private networks and a constant challenge of interconnection.