The gods worshipped by billions either exist or they do not. And those gods, if they exist, must have observable consequences. Thus, the question of their existence is a legitimate scientific issue that has profound import to humanity.
There's a problem with penal substitution. Biblical sacrifices do not represent human attempts to purchase forgiveness; instead, they offer a ritual means of acknowledging the costliness of sin and alienation from God.
In the eyes of Augustine and his intellectual heirs, the concept of "liberty" was closely intertwined with free will. It is the classic theological question: If God is omniscient and omnipotent, can human beings truly be called free?
More and more GOP politicians are incapable of simply disagreeing intellectually with an opponent. Instead, they ground their opposition in innuendo, name-calling and flagrant lying to drive a false narrative born of suspicion and fear.
I began to starve myself to death, and with an experience of sickness that infiltrated into every fiber of my physical, mental and spiritual being. 'What is sin' and 'what does it mean to be a sinner' became intensely personal questions for me.
Kneeling before the Eucharist we prayed in silence, chanted O Salutaris and Tantum Ergo, but more importantly we became aware of the world around us. In this way, we united ourselves not only with Christ, but also with all humanity.
We're obsessed in today's world with facts. Every syllable uttered by people in positions of power is put under a microscope, and we, the general public, love nothing more than to have subterfuge reveal in the media spotlight.
"I don't think Bishop Jackson is offended by my ideology but by scripture itself. If he wants to toss out what the Bible has to say about wealth and poverty he might as well toss out the whole book..."
Causality is still a useful concept in all branches of science including physics and chemistry, as well as everyday life. But we also cannot assume that it is a universal principle that applies in all circumstances.
The theological claim that science cannot describe the origin of the universe and its laws in purely natural terms is refuted by the existence of plausible scenarios consistent with all knowledge that are fully worked out mathematically and published in reputable journals.
Between 2,000 years of theologians and seven volumes of J.K. Rowling's nuanced prose, there is more than enough fodder for discussion. Consider, for instance, whether there's a God-figure in the series.