You can trust your own memory -- right? Wrong. Psychologist Elizabeth Loftus shares decades of research showing that when it comes to remembering things, what we swear is fact is often fiction... and sometimes, the consequences of trusting our own memories are life and death.
Here, Audrey Edmunds poses at the John C. Burke Correctional Center in Waupun, Wis., <a href="http://www.law.northwestern.edu/wrongfulconvictions/exonerations/wiEdmundsSummary.html">10 years into serving her 18-year conviction and sentence for shaking a baby to death</a>, while babysitting. She was freed in Feb., 2008 after an appeals court said new research into the syndrome cast doubt on her guilt. According to Northwestern University's Center on Wrongful Convictions, experts asserted that symptoms they once thought were proof of Shaken Baby Syndrome can be from other causes, <a href="http://www.law.northwestern.edu/wrongfulconvictions/exonerations/wiEdmundsSummary.html" target="_blank">including accidents, illness, infection, old injuries, and congenital defects.</a>
Kirk Bloodsworth spent eight years in a Baltimore County, Md., prison, two of those on death row. He was convicted of raping and murdering a nine-year-old girl. In 1993, DNA testing both excluded Bloodsworth as the child’s killer and helped convict the real killer -- it was the first capital conviction case in the U.S. to be overturned through DNA testing. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kirk-noble-bloodsworth/overturned_b_59325.html">Read Bloodsworth's firsthand account here</a>.
Michael Blair was sent to death row in Texas for the <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/13/michael-blair-texas-rape-compensation_n_2123212.html">publicized murder of 7-year-old Ashley Estell </a>in 1994. More than a decade later, genetic testing showed he was innocent. But while behind bars, Blair confessed to raping two other children, a crime for which he's serving multiple life sentences. Now, Blair is now asking the state for nearly $1 million as compensation for being originally wrongfully convicted of murder.
Damon Thibodeaux was <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/28/damon-thibodeaux-death-row_n_1924776.html">absolved of the rape and murder of a his 14-year-old step-cousin. A seven-year investigation produced DNA evidence contradicting his confession to the crime</a>. Investigators say Thibodeaux's 1997 confession was drawn while under duress by detectives. The 37-year-old had spent 23 hours per day in a Louisiana prison solitary confinement awaiting his execution.
John Edward Smith, a former gang member, spent 19 years in prison for charges of murder following a gang-related drive-by shooting in Los Angeles, Calif. He was released in Sept. 2012 after the only <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/24/john-edward-smith-exonerated_n_1910026.html">witness involved in the incident admitted that the police pressured him</a> to blame Smith for the murder.
Lynn DeJac Peters <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/13/lynn-dejac-peters_n_2122595.html">spent more than 13 years in maximum-security Bedford Hills Correctional Facility in New York. She was wrongfully convicted of strangling her 13-year-old daughter on Valentine's Day in 1993</a>. In 2007, DNA testing placed Peters' boyfriend, Dennis Donohue, at the scene of the crime, but prosecutors could not consider bringing charges against him. He'd received immunity by testifying before the grand jury that originally charged Peters. Donohue was later convicted in the September 1993 strangulation death of another woman and is serving 25 years to life in prison.
William Dillon, wrongly jailed in a Florida prison for 27 years, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/07/18/william-dillon-wrongly-convicted-national-anthem-tampa-bay-rays_n_1683772.html">sang the National Anthem as a free man at a Tampa Bay Rays baseball game</a> in July, 2012. Dillon was charged -- days before a scheduled Detroit Tigers tryout -- with <a href="http://www.innocenceproject.org/Content/William_Dillon.php" target="_blank">beating James Dvorak to death </a>in a wooded area near Canova Beach, Fla. <a href="http://www.jaxdailyrecord.com/showstory.php?Story_id=530164">He was exonerated in 2008</a>.
In this March 29, 2012 file photo from Austin, Texas, Michael Morton speaks to the public for the first time since he was freed from prison after spending nearly 25 years behind bars for murdering his wife. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/10/03/texas-man-imprisoned-for-_0_n_992681.html">New DNA tests done on a bandana found near Morton's home discovered blood from his wife and a California felon, suggesting he, not Morton, committed the crime</a>.
In Jan., 2013 former Akron police captain Douglas Prade was <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/26/doug-prade-ohio-prisioner-dna-margo-prade_n_1831151.html">exonerated of the murder of his ex-wife</a>. He spent 15 years in Madison Correctional Institution outside of Columbus, largely because of a bite mark found on his ex-wife's blood-soaked body. <blockquote><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/30/doug-prade-released-ex-wife-murder_n_2580876.html" target="_blank">DNA testing proved he was innocent. </a></blockquote>