07/04/2010 09:37 am ET | Updated May 25, 2011

The Spirit Of America: Rye Whiskeys For The Fourth Of July, And Every Other Day

With July 4th at hand, it's time to pay tribute to those uniquely American inventions that have made this country great. Baseball. Jazz. Blue jeans. Match Game '76. Loaded baked potatoes. Tina Louise. And perhaps the greatest of all -- rye whiskey.

Bourbon has been, since the 1930s, America's most popular homegrown whiskey. But rye is the spirit that best represents the spirit of this great country of ours. It's been distilled in the States since the States were the Colonies. Hell, George Washington himself was a rye distiller. Well into the 20th century, if you said, "Gimme a whiskey" at a tavern in Tuskegee, a saloon in Sacramento, or a watering hole in Wilmington, a slug of rye is what you'd get. In fact, most of the whiskey cocktails we know as bourbon-based, such as the Sazerac, the Manhattan and the Old Fashioned, were originally made with rye.


Rye, a close cousin to bourbon, is so called because it's made using at least 51% rye in the mash from which it's distilled. That grain gives it a more complex and spicy flavor than bourbon, which employs at least 51% corn for a sweeter, fuller bodied drink. Rye's complexity isn't for everyone, and for decades, it was for practically no one. As American drinkers gravitated towards smoother spirits like bourbon, Canadian blended whiskeys, and (heaven forbid) vodka, rye nearly fell off the booze radar completely. Thankfully, with the rise of Cocktail Nation, vintage liqueurs and spirits were revived, including rye. It's now in vogue among cocktailians and once again available on the shelves of any liquor store worth walking into.

Given how tough it was to find at all a mere 10-15 years ago, the number of ryes now out there, ranging from inexpensive brands best employed in cocktails to ultra-pricey, super-aged sipping whiskeys, is staggering. What follows is a list of some of the ryes I've had the pleasure of trying, most of them over the last few years, as the Rye Renaissance has hit full speed. I've separated them by category -- not necessarily how the distillers group them, but more how my palate perceives them. If you disagree with my take on a particular whiskey, or you've got a favorite rye that I haven't mentioned, feel free to include it in the Comments section.


Because rye is pretty powerful tasting stuff with a very distinct flavor profile, you may not want to leap in with both feet at first. These lighter, less spicy ryes are a good entry point for newcomers to the rye game, and a nice change of pace for rye fans accustomed to the more powerful stuff.

Rye Whiskeys: Starter Ryes


Rye whiskey fell out of favor after the end of Prohibition and didn't really make a comeback until the turn of the millennium. But throughout rye's lost decades, a few intrepid distillers kept the flame burning for the few imbibers who still drank the stuff. Three of them remain among my favorite ryes, regardless of all the whiskey-come-latelies popping up every year.

Rye Whiskeys: The Classic


Sometimes it seems like every craft distiller and his uncle Herman is making rye whiskey in some tiny distillery in the middle of Anytown, U.S.A. And what's wrong with that? Sadly -- tragically, even -- the vast majority of these microbrewed ryes have not yet mingled with my taste buds. But of the recent rye arrivals I have tried, here are three of the best.

Rye Whiskeys: Notable Newbies


All the ryes I've mentioned thus far are suitable for mixing in cocktails. But then there are those which are simply too glorious -- not to mention expensive -- to mingle with mixers, except for possibly some ice or a few drops of water. If you've got the budget and the inclination to try rye at its rye-est, here are a few sipping ryes that will change your life, or at least brighten your night.

There are loads of other worthwhile ryes out there, but I've only got one liver, and I'd like to keep it. This is where you, the reader/rye enthusiast, come in. What's your favorite rye? What's your favorite rye-based cocktail? And how will you be toasting the US of A on its 234th birthday? Don't be shy -- a little education is always a good thing, especially when it comes to whiskey.