Big chicken processing companies generate 1.5 billion pounds of fowl waste annually in Delmarva (the Delaware, Maryland, Virginia tri-state area), and it's choking the Chesapeake Bay. Each year, Marylanders pay a small tax that goes toward the Chesapeake Bay Restoration Fund (BRF); isn't it fair to expect the poultry industry to pay too? Maryland Senator Richard Madaleno and Delegate Shane Robinson recently introduced the Poultry Fair Share Act (PFSA) because, when you have 305 million chickens on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, that's a lot of chicken waste polluting the Bay.
In early February, Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley was quick to threaten to veto the bill -- which had little chance of passing into law -- because he thinks he will send a strong message to Iowa ahead of the caucuses that he stands for farmers. O'Malley has long had a close relationship with the poultry industry, so it's really big chicken companies, not farmers, that O'Malley is lobbying for. And, as The Baltimore Sun pointed out recently, his veto message raised more than just a few eyebrows while questioning why he won't hold the industry accountable for it's waste problem.
The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States and one of the largest and most biologically productive estuaries in the world -- a vital economic and recreational asset in the region. Over the past several decades, as the number of factory poultry farms has increased, this historic watershed has suffered a serious decline. Large-scale poultry companies like Perdue create an enormous amount of pollution, yet the state does not require them to contribute to cleaning up the mess that they create.
The Poultry Fair Share Act forces the big chicken companies to make a five-cents-per-bird contribution to the BRF to help with the clean up and relieve some of the tax burden on working and middle class Marylanders. But some politicians have suggested that the fee would hurt the agriculture industry, a sector they claim is the largest contributor to the state economy. But when you look at the real numbers of the industry's economic contribution to the state, Ag doesn't even make the list.
The chicken industry alone accounts for 50 percent of the animal manure loads of phosphorus to the Bay, yet Maryland's politicians have been bowing to big chicken companies, including Perdue, and granting them a free ride to pollute the Bay. Perdue enjoys annual chicken sales of $4.8 billion but pays nothing into the BRF. But tax-paying Baltimoreans, for example, pay $60 per year out of their average $23,853 salary to aid Bay restoration efforts. Montgomery, Caroline, Dorchester, Talbot and Wicomico County residents also pay $60.
Some Maryland officials are even considering calling for an increase in the annual BRF fee after doubling it in 2012 because there is still a shortfall. With Marylanders potentially on the verge of paying even more into the BRF, wouldn't this be a good time to ask Big Chicken to pitch in?
If we don't require chicken companies to contribute, Maryland taxpayers will continue to subsidize the industry while Perdue pollutes for free. Perdue alone has received over $4.2 million dollars in grants and payments from the state of Maryland since 2008, including $74,000 to Jim Perdue personally.
PFSA would require poultry companies to cover a chunk of the bill for the Maryland Department of Agriculture's Cover Crop program, a $20 million per year initiative designed largely to address the massive amounts of excess chicken waste produced on the Eastern Shore where the chicken companies operate. Right now, taxpayers fund this program entirely, including the diversion of funds from the annual $60 tax placed on the state's septic users.
You have to pick up after your dog in most cities or face a fine. Let's tell Jim Perdue and other chicken owners to pick up after their chickens and help clean up the Bay.